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Judaism and Christianity

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monotheistic
belief in one god
polytheistic
belief in many gods
patriarchal
males held legal and moral authority
matriarchal
females held legal and moral authority
sabbath
holy day for rest and worship
prophet
spiritual leaders who interpret God's will
ethics
moral standards of behavior, beliefs of wrong and right
diaspora
scattering of people
messiah
annointed king sent by God
apostle
a person sent forth
martyr
people who suffer or die for their beliefs
bishop
a church official in charge of Christians in a certain area
pope
person who claimed to have greater authority over all bishops
heresy
beliefs contrary to official church teachings
zealots
Jews that were not willing to live under Roman rule
gospels
the first four books of the new testament telling of Jesus's life
parabels
shorts stories with simple moral lessons
theology
the teaching of God's religion