PSYCH- CH 2 test A
Terms in this set (64)
Reuptake refers to the:
reabsorption of excess neurotransmitter molecules by a sending neuron
A biological psychologist would be most interested in conducting research on the relationship between:
neurotransmitters and depression.
Acetylcholine is a neurotransmitter that:
riggers muscle contractions.
Information is carried from the central nervous system to the body's tissues by:
Endorphins are most directly involved in the control of:
If a picture of a comb is briefly flashed in the left visual field of a right-handed splitbrain patient, she would most likely be able to:
use her left hand to draw a picture of the comb
Following massive damage to his frontal lobes, Phineas Gage was most strikingly debilitated by:
Motor neurons are an important part of the:
peripheral nervous system.
An action potential refers to a:
Surgical destruction of brain tissue is called a(n):
A slap on the back is more painful than a pat on the back because a slap triggers:
more frequent neural impulses
The central nervous system consists of:
the brain and the spinal cord
Neural networks refer to:
interconnected clusters of neurons in the central nervous system.
An accelerated heartbeat is to a slowed heartbeat as the ________ nervous system is to the ________ nervous system.
The "little brain" attached to the rear of the brainstem is called the:
An impaired use of language is known as:
In which of the following parts of the brain would a lesion most likely result in aphasia?
Which neural center in the limbic system plays a central role in emotions such as aggression and fear?
The autonomic nervous system most directly controls:
The parasympathetic nervous system:
stimulates digestion and slows heartbeat
An axon is:
the extension of a neuron that carries messages away from the cell body.
Wernicke's area is typically located in the left ________ lobe.
Research on left-handedness suggests that:
genes or prenatal factors play a role in handedness
Seeing is to hearing as the ________ lobes are to the _______ lobes.
Which part of your brain receives information as to whether you are moving your legs?
Deaf people who use sign language typically:
process language in their left cerebral hemisphere
The selective permeability of a neural membrane creates a:
Nerves are neural cables containing many:
The inability to recognize familiar faces even though one can clearly see and describe features of the faces is associated with damage to the right ________ lobe.
The parasympathetic nervous system is a division of the ________ nervous system.
Which of the following is the component of the limbic system that plays an essential role in the formation of new memories?
The brain structure that provides a major link between the nervous system and the endocrine system is the:
Which technique involves the use of magnetic fields and radio waves to produce computer-generated images of the brain's soft tissues?
If a professor accused you of cheating on a test, your adrenal glands would probably release ________ into your bloodstream.
An axon transmits messages ________ the cell body and a dendrite transmits messages ________ the cell body.
away from; toward
In stressful situations, the sympathetic nervous system ________ blood sugar levels and ________ the pupils of the eyes.
The thalamus serves as a:
Multiple sclerosis is a disease that is most directly associated with the degeneration of:
the myelin sheath
A laboratory cat could be made to twitch its whiskers by direct stimulation of the ________ lobes of its cerebral cortex.
The successful functioning of children who have experienced the surgical removal of an entire cerebral hemisphere best illustrates the value of:
The part of the brainstem that controls heartbeat and breathing is called the:
After suffering an accidental brain injury, Kira has difficulty walking in a smooth and coordinated manner. It is most probable that she has suffered damage to her:
The occipital lobes are to ________ as the temporal lobes are to ________.
An action potential is generated by the movement of:
A synapse is a(n):
junction between a sending neuron and a receiving neuron.
Addictive drug cravings are likely to be associated with reward centers in the:
Hormones are the chemical messengers of the:
Which part of a neuron is often encased by the myelin sheath?
Migraine headaches are most closely linked with an:
oversupply of glutamate
The part of the cerebral cortex that directs the muscle movements involved in speech is known as:
The longest part of a motor neuron is likely to be the:
The pain of childbirth is most likely to be reduced by the accelerated release of:
The ovaries in females and the testes in males are part of the:
Which region of your brainstem plays a role in arousing you to a state of alertness when someone nearby mentions your name?
Messages are transmitted from your spinal cord to muscles in your hands by the ________ nervous system.
The knee-jerk reflex is controlled by interneurons in the:
After Paul's serious snow-skiing accident, doctors detected damage to his cerebral cortex in Wernicke's area. Because of the damage, Paul is most likely to experience difficulty in:
understanding what others are saying
Olds and Milner located reward centers in the brain structure known as the:
Which of the following body parts is associated with the greatest amount of brain tissue in the motor cortex?
The tremors of Parkinson's disease result from the death of nerve cells that produce the neurotransmitter:
Neurosurgeons have severed the corpus callosum in human patients in order to reduce:
The experience of auditory hallucinations by people with schizophrenia is most closely linked with the activation of areas in their:
The depolarization of a neural membrane can create a(n)