13 terms

Mesopotamia

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Mesopotamia (Sumeria)
fertile land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers
Fertile Crescent
nickname for Mesopotamia
Fertile
soil rich in nutrients and resources
Irrigation
to bring water to dry land
Sumerians
the first inhabitants of Mesopotamia
Hammurabi
Emperor with a code of laws- early government
Class system
system in which a society is divided into several social groups, usually by wealth
Cuneifrom
Sumerian's first system of writing used wedge-shape symbols on clay tablets
Scribes
writers of professional records
Polytheism
belief in many gods
Empire
nation or group of kingdoms, ruled by one emperor
City-state
a central city and its surrounding land, all follow the same rules
Contributions
something the Sumerians did or made and passed on (wheel, writing, religion)