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unit 6 apush
Terms in this set (55)
chinese exclusion act
(1882) Denied any additional Chinese laborers to enter the country while allowing students and merchants to immigrate.
frederick jackson turner
American historian who said that humanity would continue to progress as long as there was new land to move into. The frontier provided a place for homeless and solved social problems.
"turner frontier thesis"
Theory put forth by Frederick Turner that stated the frontier was the source of American vitality and exceptionalism.
Rich deposits of silver found in Nevada in 1859.
African Americans who moved from post reconstruction South to Kansas.
A vast area of grassland owned by the government where ranchers could graze their herds for free
"buffalo bill" cody
United States showman famous for his Wild West Show (1846-1917)
United States sharpshooter who was featured in Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show (1860-1926)
United States frontierswoman and legendary figure of the Wild West noted for her marksmanship (1852-1903)
sand creek massacre
an attack on a village of sleeping Cheyenne Indians by a regiment of Colorado militiamen on 29 November 1864 that resulted in the death of more than 200 tribal members
col. j.m. chivington
Leader of the Colorado militia, highly anti-Native and had pursued a very aggressive policy against natives, was largely responsible for the Sand Creek Massacre of 180 Native Americans, mostly women and children
American Indian chief, he lead the victory of Little Bighorn
Lakota Sioux war chief who lured an army detachment into an ambush in Wyoming
Apache chieftain who raided the white settlers in the Southwest as resistance to being confined to a reservation (1829-1909)
gen. george a custer
United States general who was killed along with all his command by the Sioux at the battle of Little Bighorn
battle of little big horn
battle in which the Sioux, led by Sitting Bull, defeated the U.S. Army led by General Custer
Leader of Nez Perce. Fled with his tribe to Canada instead of reservations. However, US troops came and fought and brought them back down to reservations
A ritual the Sioux performed to bring back the buffalo and return the Native American tribes to their land.led to the battle of wounded knee
battle of wonded knee
brought the indian wars-and an entire era-to a bitter end
dawes severalty act
Bill that promised Indians tracts of land to farm in order to assimilate them into white culture. The bill was resisted, uneffective, and disastrous to Indian tribes
helen hunt jackson
United States writer of romantic novels about the unjust treatment of Native Americans (1830-1885)
bureau of indian affairs
to manage Indian removal to western lands, Congress approved the creation of a new government agency
a century of dishonor
Written by Helen Hunt Jackson, it detailed the injustices made to Native Americans during US expansion
joseph f. glidden
Invented barbed wire
a house built of sod or adobe laid in horizontal courses
1863-1947. American businessman, founder of Ford Motor Company, father of modern assembly lines, and inventor credited with 161 patents.
A cheap and simple car designed by Ford. It allowed for more Americans to own a car.
william and orville wright
American inventors who successfully built and tested a motorized airplane.
kitty hawk, nc
place where the first airplane flight took place
United States financier who accumulated great wealth from railroad and shipping businesses (1794-1877)
The belief that only the fittest survive in human political and economic struggle.
American inventor best known for inventing the electric light bulb, acoustic recording on wax cylinders, and motion pictures.
Popular novelist during the Industrial Revolution who wrote "rags to riches" books praising the values of hard work
"gospel of wealth"
This was a book written by Carnegie that described the responsibility of the rich to be philanthropists. This softened the harshness of Social Darwinism as well as promoted the idea of philanthropy.
A Scottish-born American industrialist and philanthropist who founded the Carnegie Steel Company in 1892. By 1901, his company dominated the American steel industry.
alexander graham bell
invented the telephone
j. pierpont morgan
He was a banker who financed the reorganization of railroads, insurance companies, and banks. He bought out Carnegie and in 1901 he started the United States Steel Corporation.
the combining of competing firms into one corporation
acquiring control of all the steps required to change raw materials into finished product
john d rockefeller
Established the Standard Oil Company, the greatest, wisest, and meanest monopoly known in history
extend credit to
national labor union
organized in 1866 have about 600,000 members agitated for arbitration of disputes and an 8 hour workday
a society fo irish miners who engaged in a violent confrontation with pennsylvania mining companies in the 19th century
Stirkebreakers hired by employers as replacement workers when unions went on strike
A blacklist is a list or register of people who, for one reason or another, are being denied a particular privilege, service, or mobility
a company whose workers are hired without regard to their membership in a labor union
A working establishment where only people belonging to the union are hired. It was done by the unions to protect their workers from cheap labor.
kinghts of labor
Early American labor union that failed to achieve economic and social acceptance because its members were unskilled, expendable and "un-American". The union was prone to violence, linked to communism, and anarchism.
An authoritative command or order
american federation of labor
a federation of North American labor unions that merged with the Congress of Industrial Organizations in 1955
United States labor leader (born in England) who was president of the American Federation of Labor from 1886 to 1924 (1850-1924)
A demonstration of striking laborers in Chicago in 1886 that turned violent, killing a dozen people and injuring over a hundred.
homestead steel strike
In 1892- one of the most violent strikes in America at the Carnegie Steel Company. 7 people died. 300 Pinkerton detectives were hired and there was a battle where they ultimately surrendered.
in Chicago, Pullman cut wages but refused to lower rents in the "company town", Eugene Debs had American Railway Union refuse to use Pullman cars, Debs thrown in jail after being sued, strike achieved nothing
eugene v debs
Leader of the American Railway Union, he voted to aid workers in the Pullman strike. He was jailed for six months for disobeying a court order after the strike was over.
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