43 terms

Chapter 1 science test review

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

thunderstorm
forms from a cumulonimbus cloud- usually brief, heavy storm that consists of rain, strong winds, lightning, and thunder
lightning
is an electric discharge that occurs between a positively charged area and a negatively charged area- can occur between two clouds or between the bottom of a cloud and the ground
thunder
the sound caused by lightning- the sound that results from a rapid expansion of air along an electrical strike
flooding
can be caused by heaving rains during a thunderstorm
tornado
destructive, rotating column of air that has very very high wind speeds, low central pressure that touches the ground
funnel cloud
spinning column of air that moves at the bottom of a cumulonimbus cloud
hurricane
a severe storm that develops over tropical oceans and whose strong winds of more 74 mph
eye
calm center of a hurricane
eye wall
surrounds the eye- a group of cumulonimbus clouds that produce heavy rains and strong winds- this is the strongest part of the hurricane
Colder water and land
_______________ ____________________ and __________ causes a hurriance to die because they do not provide the warm moist air the hurricane needs to power itself
Tornado Alley
located in the central part of the US- where most tornadoes occur becasue of a cold, dry air from Canada mixes with warm, moist air from the Gulf of Mexico
equator
most hurricanes originate in this area in the tropics
x axis
horizontal line
y axis
vertical line
origin
starting point
title
the name of the graph
interval
the equal numbering that is appropriate to represent the data
geologist
rock scientist
seismologist
earthquake scientist
meteorologist
weather scientist
volcanologist
volcano scientist
cause of hurricane
warm ocean water evaporates, forms huge clouds, and gets pushed by global winds
cause of tornado
warm moist air meets cold dry air
Tornado Alley
central plains where most tornadoes occur
solar
heat from the sun
climate
weather patterns of a region over time
weather
daily atmospheric conditions
Autumnal Equinox
first day of fall
catastrophic
deadly, huge, costly
reflect
to bend or throw back heat from a surface
absorb
to take in heat
vortex
a circulation of liquids or gases
natural
from nature
atmosphere
thin blanket of air that surrounds us
What heats faster?
soil
What hold its heat longer?
water
latitude
lines that run parallel to the equator and measure north and south of the equator
longitude
lines that run from North Pole to South Pole and measure east and west of the Prime Meridian
Saffir Simpson Scale
the scale that rates the severity of a hurricane based on damage
Fujita Scale
the scale that rates the severity of a tornado based on damage
cyclone
a tropical storm that forms in the Indian Ocean and off the coast of Australia
typhoon
a tropical storm that forms in the western Pacific Ocean
tropical
near the equator

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com.
Click to see the original works with their full license.