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Final for Introduction to Counseling
Terms in this set (57)
What is the difference between person-centered counseling and traditional counseling?
person centered counseling - stress- autonomy and responsibility on the client to change
What are the 3 components of person centered counseling?
empathy - unconditional positive regard - congruence - genuineness
What is active listening?
showing the client you understand by giving feedback, reflection and summarizing what they told you - plus self exploration
What is the main goal of the existential approach?
to help people find personal meaning in their life/human existence
What purpose do defense mechanisms serve?
a coping technique - protects our ego and ourselves from pain
What does the feminist approach of counseling feel you should keep in mind?
Theories are influenced by a male dominant group
What is the difference between existential and psychoanalytic?
Existential- has to do with the present
Psychoanalytical- has to do with the clients passed
What are common defense mechanisms?
Repression- protection - denial
Explain narrative therapy?
helps people to retell their story and change the outcome
What are some terms associated with psychoanalytic theory?
Past, Freud, defense mechanisms, free association, "Catharsis" which is the process of change
What is the primary focus of action-oriented therapy?
behaviorally specific interventions
What is the role of the counselor in action-oriented therapy?
to be more active and direct to promote action
What does cognitive behavior therapy feel is important to work on?
maladaptive, thinking and behavior
things that describe behavior counceling
modeling, reinforcement and contingency
What is expressive therapy?
art- dance - music and hypnotherapy
What are the different types of groups and what are their purposes?
Psycho-educational- ways of coping- educational activities
Task- special operation
Counseling- resolve interpersonal conflict
Therapy- to assist each individual with emotional development + mentally health and usually long term
self-help - non-trained leader more support - maintain sobriety
What's a limitation of group work?
What is the difference between a counseling group and a therapy group?
counseling groups are short term and are more preventitve - therapy is long term and are for those who have bigger problems
What are the advantages of group work?
Cost effective- spectator effects, feedback
When should a group leader intervene?
Getting off topic- physical safety - emotional well being - someone is being with drawn
Why is group work effective?
Clients are hearing other clients- problems and struggles - by observing- closely resembles real life
What is the number one cause of discomfort as a group member?
What are the components of self-help groups?
provide emotional and social support - coping skills - leader is not trained - it is also typically an open group
How is power in the family displayed?
hierarchies, boundaries, coalition
What is a genogram and what are the uses of it?
displays of family relationships- identify conflict- patterns of behavior
What is reframing?
Redefining a problem from a different perspective
What are "directives" in family counseling?
backing and slowing down, reframing
How is the "disruptive" behavior of a family member viewed?
the therapist can use the dysfunctional behavior to help the family function better.
What are the most common negative interactions between couples?
Criticisms, stone walling, defensiveness, contempt
Review Gottaman's research on couples counseling.
Defensiveness and contempt- two predictors of divorce
What are considered family counseling skills?
usually doing the opposite action
How have most counseling theories been developed?
experience of clinicians
What purpose do counseling theories serve?
understand people and behavior
What is important in developing a personal theory of counseling?
Knowing self well - participating in life - and knowledge of things
What is the word for using a variety of theories in your work?
What has the impact of technology had on testing?
compromises privacy and confidentiality
What is the advantage of testing?
to get more information
What are red flags in counseling?
possibility of abuse, suicide, homicide, medical cause, or an ethical concern
Why do mental health professionals use the DSM 5?
they use it so they can communicate with other professionals. It's easier to gather research and from treatment plans
How can an assessment process be therapeutic to clients?
they can learn about themselves
What is reliability?
consistency and accuracy of a test score
What are the steps for helping couples express anger in a healthy way?
imessage - tell them "I feel upset when" and State what you don't like then state what you would like them to do -
What are some descriptors of insight-oriented counseling?
long term- on going - non-directive - self discovery (psychoanalytical)
What are some descriptors of action-oriented counseling?
solution finding- brief - miracle question
What kind of therapy is similar to family therapy?
What is the meaning of standardized testing?
the administration and grading are universal
attention to present
nonverbal media effective in release of problems - art, music and reading
define personal meaning in our lives and suffering
release repressed emotions and experience - free association - talking cure
contingency contract, positive and negative reinforcement, modeling
hot seat or double chairing
Cognitive behavioral therapy
distorted, irrational thinking the word should
exception finding- challenge clients to find a thing they are successful with
way of being rather than a way of doing
What are generic counseling skills?
Listening, empathy, genuineness, unconditional positive regard, concreteness, open questions, self-disclosure, interpretation, information giving and removing obstacles to change.