Middle East Vocabulary pages 1, 2 and 3
Terms in this set (30)
The world's longest river, which flows northward through East Africa into the Mediterranean Sea.
A fine-grained fertile soil deposited by water flowing over flood plains or in river beds.
Flow through Iraq
Streambeds remaining dry until a heavy rain
Chemical used in fertilizers
The world's largest desert in northern Africa
Large sandy desert also named the "Empty Quarter." It is located in the southeastern part of Saudi Arabia, but north of Oman.
A desert, which has a name meaning "Black Sands," covers more than 70% of Turkmenistan.
Sandy dune covered areas.
Stony plains covered with rocky gravel
Flat sandstone plateau
A mountain range that stretches from southwest
Morocco, northern Algeria, and through Tunisia. It acts as a barrier between the Sahara and the Mediterranean Sea, and the Atlantic Ocean.
The mountain range in Caucasia between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea that forms part of the traditional border between Europe and Asia.
Dune-covered deserts which offer a contrast to the cultivated fields of the Turan lowland.
The Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden separate this area.
Frames the Arabian Peninsula on the east and the Arabian Sea on the south.
The Gulf of Suez and Aqaba make this area.
A saltwater lake on the border between Israel and Jordan.
A large saltwater lake between Iran and Russia fed by the Volga River. It is the largest inland body of water on earth.
East of the Caspian Sea. Dries up when Soviets took water for irrigation and split into two bodies of water but then damns help flow the freshwater into the Sea.
Raising/grazing of livestock (steppe climate)
Arab speaking people who migrated to North Africa from deserts in South Asia.
Primary gateway for Arabs migrated to North Africa.
Adapt (a wild plant or unclaimed land) to the environment.
Straight lines, random borders.
Belief in the right of an ethnic group to have their own independent country.
Important shipping lane that connects the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea.
A kind of Algerian music developed in the 1920s by poor urban children that is fast paced with danceable rhythms.
A conflict that began in 1948 over the land once known as Palestine, now known as Israel.
Israelis and Palestinians
Constantly fighting over ancestral holy lands.