25 terms

AP Psych-Emotion

STUDY
PLAY
primary emotions
appear to be inborn and universal. ex. fear, anger, joy, contempt, surprise, disgust
secondary emotions
blends and variations; develop with cognitive maturity ex. shame, guilt
facial feedback
facial muscles send messages to the brain about basic emotion being sent
mood contagion
cause unconscious imitation of others that you live and work with
polygraph machines
lie detector tests; if guilty will have increased activity in autonomic system (sweat/heartbeat); not reliable
James-Lange theory
William James/ Carl Lange-feel emotion because of biological changes caused by stress (heart race which causes fear); biological change comes first then emotion
Cannon-Bard theory
Walter Cannon/ Philip Bard-doubted James-Lange theory; they thought emotion and biological change occur simultaneously; thalamus is involved
Schacter's Two factor theory
physical responses and cognitive labels combine to cause an emotional response; ppl already aroused have more intense emotion
Temporal sequence theory
go through repeated cycles of appraisal and reappraisal when confronted with a new stimulus (dog bite/friendly); the emotion we feel is a direct result of the appraisal
emotion work
expression of an emotion that the person does not really feel, often because of a role requirement.
display rules
social and cultural rules that regulate when, how, and where a person may express (or must suppress) emotions
stressors
stressful experiences or situations
stress reactions
how people react to changes in the environment
transient stressors
temporary challenges ex. Christmas gifts, projects
chronic stressors
last for a prolonged period of time ( job)- negative impact on health
Thomas Holmes/ Richard Rahe
designed one of the first instruments to measure stress.
social readjustment rating scale
measured stress using life
Hans Seyle
fight or flight developed into general adaptation syndrome; Stages: Alarm reaction, Resistance, Exhaustion
Richard Lazarus
cognitive theory of how people respond to stress; stress is minimized or maximized by individual's ability to respond
type A personality
competitive, elevated feelings of anger and hostility, urgency in time, respond quickly and aggressively to stress
type B personality
less competitive, easy going attitude, time not that important, not as stressed
Martin Seligman
explanatory style: optimistic/pessimistic
optimistic explanatory style
use external, unstable and specific reasons for negative events
pessimistic explanatory style
use internal, stable and global explanations. Poorer physical health
catharsis
the purging of the emotions or relieving of emotional tensions, esp. through certain kinds of art, as tragedy or music.