17 terms

Science Chapter 2 Vocabulary

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erosion
a destructive force in which pieces of rock are moved by water, wind, or moving ice
sediment
small pieces of rock
weathering
a destructive force that breaks rocks into pieces
alluvial fan
a fan-shaped deposit of sediment of sediment that forms after water rushes down a steep slope and then slows over a flat plain
delta
a low plain formed by sediment where a river enters the ocean
deposition
the dropping or releasing of sediment that have been moved from one place to another
meander
a curve in a river formed when the river moves across wide, flat regions
tributary
a stream or small river that joins a larger river
arch
a curved rock formation created when erosion of a narrow headland causes two sea caves to join
sea cave
a hole in a headland created by the wearing away of weaker rock
headland
a narrow section of land that juts out into the ocean
sandbar
a ridge of sand below the waters surface
beach
a area made up of sand or other loose sediment that has been deposited along the shore
spit
a sandbar that rises above the water level with one end attached to shore
barrier island
a sandbar that runs parallel to the shore
sea stack
an off shore column of rock that is created by waves or waves erosion
cliff
a steep rock caused by the collapse of overhanging rock