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Elements of Literature

STUDY
PLAY
Plot
what happens in a story; sequence of events
Setting
time and place of a story
Theme
author's message about life in a story; the lesson or moral
Conflict
struggle or problem between opposing forces
internal conflict
inside a character's mind person vs. self - internal conflict
external conflict
problem between character and outside force
character vs. character
problem between two characters
character vs. nature
problem between a character and a force of nature
character vs. society
problem between character and a group of people
character vs. fate/ destiny
problem between character and a force beyond his control
Point of view
the vantage point from which a story is told
1st person
when someone in the story tells the story (I, me, we)
3rd person limited
someone outside the story tells what happens
3rd person omniscient
tells thoughts and feelings of characters
characters
people (animals) in a story
protagonist
main character
antagonist
character who causes the problem
tone
attitude of narrator or author, how the author delivers the message (sarcastic, solemn, funny, serious, angry, etc)
irony
contrast between expectation and reality (you expect one thing, yet another thing happens)
inference
a guess based on clues in story and/or the readers' experience; combining what you see with what you already know to "figure it out"
foreshadow
use of hints or clues to predict things to come
figurative language
imaginative use of words
symbols
something that stands for something else
metaphor
direct comparison of two unlike things
simile
comparison of two unlike things using like or as
personification
nonhuman things have human qualities
hyperbole
an exaggeration
genre
type of literature; classification such as realistic fiction, historical fiction, fantasy, nonfiction, romance, etc.
symbol
a person, place, thing, or idea that stands for or represents something else
mood
atmosphere or overall feeling in a story