what happens in a story; sequence of events
time and place of a story
author's message about life in a story; the lesson or moral
struggle or problem between opposing forces
inside a character's mind person vs. self - internal conflict
problem between character and outside force
character vs. character
problem between two characters
character vs. nature
problem between a character and a force of nature
character vs. society
problem between character and a group of people
character vs. fate/ destiny
problem between character and a force beyond his control
Point of view
the vantage point from which a story is told
when someone in the story tells the story (I, me, we)
3rd person limited
someone outside the story tells what happens
3rd person omniscient
tells thoughts and feelings of characters
people (animals) in a story
character who causes the problem
attitude of narrator or author, how the author delivers the message (sarcastic, solemn, funny, serious, angry, etc)
contrast between expectation and reality (you expect one thing, yet another thing happens)
a guess based on clues in story and/or the readers' experience; combining what you see with what you already know to "figure it out"
use of hints or clues to predict things to come
imaginative use of words
something that stands for something else
direct comparison of two unlike things
comparison of two unlike things using like or as
nonhuman things have human qualities
type of literature; classification such as realistic fiction, historical fiction, fantasy, nonfiction, romance, etc.
a person, place, thing, or idea that stands for or represents something else
atmosphere or overall feeling in a story
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