Theology Unit Three Quiz Questions

Human beings always act in a manner that is perfectly consistent in reflecting their higher and lower intentions
Click the card to flip 👆
1 / 69
Terms in this set (69)
The claim that persons posses a consistent character, or triangle of purposes, means that people do not change over timeFalseHuman beings focus disproportionately on certain goals at certain timesTrueThis, chosen by the will, determines the basic morality (good or bad. The persons intellect sees this as according to ,oral standards. Or not according to moral standards)The object chosenThis, even if it is good, cannot turn an evil act into a good one. It does however, determine an act's morality. (Gives meaning to the act)The intentionThese can increase or diminish the evil or goodness of an act but they can never make an evil act into a good oneThe circumstancesWhen the object, intention, and circumstances are all good, the act isGoodA good act that is vitiated by an evil intention isEvilIf a person performs an evil act while being coerced (under duress) does that person bear full (or perhaps even any) moral responsibility for the act?No, circumstances might lessen or eliminate the guilt of the personIf an act is evil in itself (intrinsically evil) is it ever right to choose itNo, circumstances and intention do not justify an intrinsically evil actHow would most people describe the morality (good or bad) of drinking alcohol without regard to any intention or circumstanceMorally neutral (neither good nor bad)Which of these is the moral state of drinking alcohol if the intention of the person drinking is to get drunk or blackout?Morally badIn catholic moral theology, does the end ever justify the means?NoIs an intrinsically evil act made good by a good intentionNoSpoil or impair the qualityVitiateBelonging naturally, essentialIntrinsicThreats, violence, constraints, or other action brought to bear on someone to do something against their will or better judgementDuressIf there is a good reason to do it, a person is morally right to do an action, even if the object of that action is intrinsically evilFalseWhich of these did Peter Abelard defend?Ethics of good intentionWhich of these is a fundamental problem with the claim that you cannot evaluate an action morally unless you consider all the circumstances.The task would seem endless given the multiplicity of effects and aspects of the thing acted upon.When Aquinas asks whether any human actions are morally indifferent, he answers:Yes and noMoral actions do require a consideration of the circumstances and motive, however some actions are wrong no matter the circumstances.TrueAction, circumstance, and motive determine the morality of the action.TrueCircumstances may take an evil action and make it good.FalseWhy does Thomas reject situational ethics?It would leave everything up to circumstancesRolling over in our sleep, tripping, swatting a small insect.Acts of a human beingCircumstances may transform:A previously good action to evilCircumstances may take an indifferent action and:make it either good or evil.Aquinas contends that actions are truly indifferent only in:An abstract sense, considered by themselves.According to Aquinas, a voluntary and deliberate action.Human actionsThe concrete act (for example picking up sticks) must be good or evil.TrueA human act is one that acts from:Reason and willAquinas believes that motive (intention) is a cricumstance. It is however the morally most significant circumstance. This helps to explain why it is sometimes difficult to distinguish between circumstance and intention.TrueActions which are always incompatible with love of God and neighbor.Intrinsically evilIt is a mistake with grave moral consequences to treat the destruction of innocent human life merely as a matter of individual choice.True"...preeminent threats to human dignity because they directly attack life itself, the most fundamental human good and the condition for all others"Abortion and euthanasiaHuman cloning, destructive research on human embryos, and other acts that directly violate the sanctity and dignity of human life are:Intrinsically evilAre direct assaults on innocent human life, such as genocide, torture, and the targeting of noncombatants in acts of terror or war instrinsically evil?YesContributing to the common good and to act in solidarity with those in need is a:Positive dutyWhich of these would best be considered to be our essential moral obligation:Opposing evil and doing goodThe moral imperative to respond to the needs of our neighbors—basic needs such as food, shelter, health care, education, and meaningful work—is universally binding on our consciences. Although there may be different legitimate ways to fulfill these needs, all persons and societies are required to provide for these needs.TrueThe direct and intentional destruction of innocent human life from the moment of conception until natural death is always wrong but it is only one issue among many.FalseEnvironmental degradation, racism, unjust discrimination, the use of the death penalty, resorting to unjust war, the use of torture, war crimes, the failure to respond to those who are suffering from hunger or a lack of health care, pornography, redefining civil marriage, compromising religious liberty, or an unjust immigration policy are all serious moral issues but they are, in a sense, optional issues which Catholics may or may not embrace as they choose.FalseExternal force or pressure that leads you to do something in a manner that lessens or even removes your responsibility for an act.DuressFor an action to be labeled good it must be good and fitting in object, intention, and circumstances.TrueFreedom for excellence makes the assumption that freedom is fully exercised when actions contribute to:Our happiness and flourishingDignity which belongs to the human being from conception until death.IntrinsicDignity that is given (or taken away) from human beings.Attributed dignityFeatures of the situation which, although secondary, help determine the morality of an act.CircumstancesThis perspective on freedom states that being truly free depends not only on whether the action is your own. but also on what you choose.Freedom for excellenceFreedom-fo-excellence holds that the point of human freedom is its use for the flourishing and happiness of the human person.TrueThe goal or purpose we have in mind for doing an action.IntentionWhat is actually done in an action we are evaluating for goodness.ObjectIf human freedom is simply a capacity to choose, then one is free no matter what one chooses.TrueThis perspective on freedom states that, as long as your actions are truly taekn on as your own, then you are truly free.Freedom of indifferenceThe effects that an action has on one's self.IntransitiveThis is the basis and motivation of any action.IntentionIn order to live well, we need to thoughtfully and prayerfully consider our intentions.TrueThe effects that an action has on others.TransitiveDo intention affect our characters?Yes