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Chapter 33 - Part 1 - Diabetes Mellitus: Overview and Types 1 and 2

Cypress College HS 147 -Survey of Disease - Chapter 33 Essentials of Pathophysiology by Carol Porth - 3rd edition
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Diabetes Mellitus
A group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar, wither because the body does not produce enough insulin or because cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced
Diabetes Mellitus
Also referred to as diabetes
A group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar, wither because the body does not produce enough insulin or because cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced
Diabetes Mellitus
diabetes
Diabetes Mellitus also referred to as _____________
Type 1 - Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM)
-Occurs primarily in children and young adults
-Results in damage or destruction of islets of Langerhans of the pancreas
Occurs primarily in children and young adults
Type 1 - Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM): 1
Results in damage or destruction of islets of Langerhans of the pancreas
Type 1 - Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM): 2
Advanced signs of Type 1 - Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM)
-Polyuria
-Polyphagia
-Polydipsia
-Hyperglycemia
-Glycosuria
-Peripheral neurovascular problems
-Diabetic retinopathy
Polyuria
Advanced signs of Type 1 - Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM): 1
Polyphagia
Advanced signs of Type 1 - Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM): 2
Polydipsia
Advanced signs of Type 1 - Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM): 3
Hyperglycemia
Advanced signs of Type 1 - Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM): 4
Glycosuria
Advanced signs of Type 1 - Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM): 5
Peripheral neurovascular problems
Advanced signs of Type 1 - Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM):6
Diabetic retinopathy
Advanced signs of Type 1 - Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM): 7
Type 2 - Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM)
-More common type
-More commonly occurs in older overweight and obese adults
+Is now being seen in obese children
-Insulin secretion is normal or increased
+Tissues insensitive of insulin
+Inadequate response to insulin
More common type
Type 2 - Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM): 1
More commonly occurs in older overweight and obese adults but is now being seen in obese children
Type 2 - Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM): 2
Insulin secretion is normal or increased
Type 2 - Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM): 3
Tissues insensitive of insulin
Type 2 - Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM): 3. Insulin secretion is normal or increased
a. _____________
Inadequate response to insulin
Type 2 - Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM): 3. Insulin secretion is normal or increased
b. _____________