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40 terms

Computer Class 1

CIS 121-Midterm
STUDY
PLAY
____ are two of the more widely accessed Internet services.
The World Wide Web and e-mail
The Internet has its roots in a networking project started by the Pentagon's blank, an agency of the U.S. Department of Defense.
ARPA
_____ overseas research and sets standards and guidelines for many areas of the Internet.
World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)
____ takes place when the modem in a computer uses a standard telephone line to connect to the Internet.
Dial-up access
_____ overseas research and sets standards and guidelines for many areas of the Internet
The W3C
____ is a technology that provides high-speed Internet connection using regular copper telephone lines.
DSL
The ____ consists of a world wide collection of electronic documents.
Web
Each electronic document on the Web is called a Web, _____, which can contain text, graphics, audio and video.
page
A Web _____ is a collection of related Web pages and associated items, such as documents and pictures, stored on a Web server.
site
Internet-enabled mobile devices such as smart phones use a special type of browser, called a ______, which is designed for their small screens and limited computing power.
microbrowser
The term _____ refers to any application that combines text with graphics, animation, auido, video, and/or virtual reality.
multimedia
A _____ is a digital representation of nontext information such as a drawing, chart, or photograph
graphic
On a Web page a ____ is a small version of a larger graphic
thumbnail
Podcasters register their podcasts with ____.
content aggregators
The _____ format reduces an audio file to about one-tenth of its original size, while preserving much of the original quality of the sound.
MP3
____ is the process of transferring data in a continuous and even flow, which allows users to access and use a file while it is transmitting.
Streaming
To listen to an audio file on a computer, a user needs special software called a ____.
player
A _____ is recorded audio, usually an MP3 file, stored on a Web site that can be downloaded to a computer or a portable digital audio player such as an iPod.
podcast
____ is the use of computers to simulate a real or imagined environment that appears as three-dimensional (3D) space.
VR
The ____ defines a popular video compression standard.
Moving Pictures Experts Group (MPEG)
____ consists of full-moon images that are played back at various speeds.
Video
Web ____ is the development and maintenance of Web pages.
publishing
_____ is a buisness transaction that occurs over an electronic network such as the Internet.
E-commerce
A customer visits an online buisness through an electronic _____, which contains product descriptions, graphics, and a shopping cart.
storefront
A ____ allows the customer visiting an electronic storefront to collect purchases.
shopping cart
_____ is the transmission of messages and files via a computer network.
E-mail
A _____ program is used to create, send, receive, forward, store, print, and delete e-mailing messages.
e-mail
An e-mail _____ is a combination of user name and domain name that indentifies a user so he or she can recieve Internet e-mail.
address
A ____ is a group of e-mail names and addresses given a single name.
mailing list
_____ is a real-time Internet communications service that notifies users when one or more people are online then allows to exchange messages or files or join a private chat room.
IM
_____ means that the people who are conversing on a computer are online at the same time.
Real time
A ____ is a real time typed conversation that takes place on a computer.
chat
To start a chat session, a user connects to a chat server through a program called a chat ____.
client
VoIP _____.
also is called Internet telephony
______ is the process of transferring documents, graphics, and other objects from a computer to a server on the Internet.
Uploading
In a newsgroup, a ____ consists of the original article and all subsequent related replies.
thread
A newsreader enables users to access a newsgroup to read previously entered messages, called _____.
articles
In a newsgroup, a _____ consists of the original article and all subsequent related replies.
thread
A popular Web-based type of discussion group that does not require a newsreader in a _____.
message board
A _____ is a computer that allows users to upload and/or download files using the FTP protocol.
server