13 terms

Lines of Reference Vocabulary

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equator
an imaginary circle around the middle of the Earth that is the same distance from the North Pole and the South Pole, measures 0 degrees
Prime Meridian
an imaginary line that runs from the North Pole to the South Pole through Greenwich, England, measures 0 degrees
Lines of latitude/parallels
distance north or south of the equator measured in degrees up to 90 degrees
Lines of longitude/meridians
: distance measured in degrees east or west from an imaginary line (called the prime meridian) that goes from the North Pole to the South Pole and that passes through Greenwich, England
North Pole
the most northern point on the surface of the earth, measures 90 N
South Pole
: the most southern point on the surface of the earth, measures 90 S
Hemisphere
a half of the Earth, earth can be divided into an east and west half or a south and north half
Arctic Circle
an imaginary line that goes around the Earth near the N an imaginary line that goes around the Earth near the North Pole, measures 66 N
Antarctic Circle
an imaginary line that goes around the Earth near the South Pole, measure 66 S
Tropic of Cancer
the parallel of latitude 23°26ʹ north above the equator, weather is warm, sunny year round
Tropic of Capricorn
the parallel of latitude 23 26 south below the equator, weather is warm, sunny year round
absolute location
A point on the earth's surface expressed by a coordinate system such as latitude and longitude.
relative location
A location of a place in relation to another place