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Terms in this set (33)
The dental pattern of Old World higher primates is:
Living Lemurs are found only in:
Which of the following are prosimians?
prosimians and anthropoids.
The two suborders of primates are:
a species of strepsirhini that retain a rhinarium found only in prosimian primates.
While at the zoo you see an exhibit with a small group of primates and notice they have wet, snout-like noses. This indicates:
the fact that their eyes are rotated forward.
their color vision.
Both A and C
Primates' enhanced sense of vision stems from:
give birth to fewer offspring than do many other mammals.
monkeys, apes, and humans.
an enlarged olfactory bulb and enlarged scent glands
Relative to other primates, prosimian adaptions include:
are present only in some platyrrhines.
have specialized digestive anatomy for eating leaves.
lemurs, lorises, galagos, and tarsiers.
The suborder prosimians includes:
adaption to life in the trees.
Arboreal adoption is:
that this may be a species of Old World monkey or ape, as the species in the teeth of the mandible suggests the presence of a canine-premolar honing complex
In your primate anatomy lab you are shown the mandible of a species of primate. While looking at the teeth you notice a large space between the canine and first premolar. In your lab book you note:
a New world monkey, because many of these species have a tail with grasping abilities similar to those observed in nonhuman primate hands and feet.
While observing primates at the zoo, you notice that the particular monkey you are watching uses its hands, feet, and tail to move throughout the trees in its enclosure. This is most likely:
The typical catarrhine dental formula is:
The rhinarium is present in:
The y-5 molar morphology is present in:
is larger among great apes than among other primates.
Relative to body size, primate brain size:
results in extended periods of nursing and development to accommodate increasing behavioral complexity
demonstrates the importance of intelligence in primate evolution
A and C
the increased brain size observed in the order Primate
eating a wide variety of foods.
Dietary plasticity in primates refers to:
among the most endangered animals due to human exploitation of resources.
African monkeys, including Miss Waldron's red colobus, are:
a canine that shows wear on the tip
A feature unique to human teeth and human ancestors' teeth is:
arboreal adaption, parental investment, and the presence of dietary plasticity
Which of the following were identified by Sir william le Gros Clark as tendencies of primates?
they use of an anatomical feature in a way unrelated to the feature's original function
they have higher intelligence and larger brains relative to other animals.
Primates have long growth and development periods because:
The largest brain relative to body size
Among all primates, humans have
based on the use of anatomical and genetic evidence to establish ancestral lines.
The cladistic approach to primate classification is:
strepsirhines and haplorphines.
The cladistic primate classification includes:
evolutionary relationships that are based on shared characteristics including physical traits, genetics, and behavior.
Phylogeny refers to:
a wet nose, a snout, a tooth comb, and a grooming claw
Using the forelimbs to move from tree limb to tree limb.
Brachiation refers to
Close together and face downward.
Catarrhines' nostrils are: