30 terms

Mesopotamia Vocabulary

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Fertile Crescent
A large arc of rich, or fertile, farmland.
Silt
A mixture of rich soil and tiny rocks.
Irrigation
A way of supplying water to an area of land.
Canals
Human-made waterways.
Surplus
More than needed.
Division of Labor
The arrangement in which each worker specializes in a particular task or job.
Urban
City.
Rural
Countryside.
City-State
Consisted as a city and all of the countryside around it and acted like a country.
Gilgamesh
A Uruk king who is also considered to be the world's first superhero.
Sargon
An Akkadian emperor who was the first to have a permanent ruler.
Empire
Land with different territories and peoples under a single rule.
Polytheism
The worship of many gods.
Monotheism
The worship of a single god.
Priests
People who performed religious ceremonies.
Social Hierarchy
The divisions of society by rank or class.
Cuneiform
The world's first system of writing.
Scribe
A writer.
Ziggurat
A pyramid-shaped temple tower.
Monarch
A ruler of a kingdom or empire.
Hammurabi
A Babylonian king who created the first written code of laws.
Nebuchadnezzar
The most famous Chaldean king who rebuilt Babylon.
Hitties
This nomadic group of people were known for being the first to use Iron and Chariots
Assyrians
This group had a strong and feared army which caused many to surrender before they were attacked (terror as a tactic)
Phoenicians
These Ship Builders also Invented the Color Purple
Hammurabi's Code
A set of 282 laws that dealt with almost every part of daily life.
Pictographs
Picture symbols.
Epics
Long poems that tell stories of heroes.
Architecture
The science of building.
Chariot
A wheeled horse-drawn cart used in battle.