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101 terms

2nd semester vocab

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abrogate
to repeal, to set aside, to nullify
abscond
to leave quickly and secretively
accolade
award or honor, high praise
adjure
to command or urge solemnly and earnestly
aggrieve
to distress, to mistreat
ameliorate
to make better, to ease or improve
anathema
something or someone loathed or intensely disliked
ancillary
subsidiary, subordinate
antipodal
situated on opposite sides of the earth, or being exactly opposite
apostasy
abandonment of a loyalty or religion
assignation
a secret meeting, a tryst, or something assigned
bandy
to toss back and forth, to exchange, to use in a glib way
bathos
a transition from the illustrious to the commonplace, overdone pathos, triteness
bilious
ill-tempered, cranky, angry
bivouac
temporary encampment
bumptious
pushy, conceited, noisily self-assertive
Byzantine
extremely intricate or complicated in structure
cabal
a secret group of conspirators, a clique
calumny
slander, deliberate false statements
cavil
to quibble, to raise trivial objections
comport
to behave
concomitant
accompanying, attending, going along with
conflagration
a large, disastrous fire
coterie
an intimate group of people with a common interest
decimate
to kill or destroy a large part of something
depredate
to prey upon, to plunder with violence if necessary
determinism
a philosophy that says things are determined in ways that are out of human hands
dichotomy
division into two often contradictory parts
dissipate
to break up, to squander, to indulge excessively in sensual pleasure
draconian
severe, exceedingly harsh
effete
exhausted, lost vitality, over-refined
enervate
to weaken, to sap the strength
ennui
boredom, listlessness, lack of interest
ensconce
to settle in snugly, to hide in a secure place
erudite
scholarly, deeply learned, well read
feckless
lacking responsibility, ineffective
feral
wild, like an wild animal, savage
fetter
to impede, retrain, hamper
flagellate
to whip, or to punish as if by whipping
foment
to stir up, to incite
forswear
retract, renounce or recant
gestalt
a structure whose parts cannot stand alone
gesticulate
to gesture, especially when speaking
gird
to invest with authority, to brace
histrionic
overly dramatic, theatrical, deliberately affected
ignominious
disgraceful, dishonorable
impecunious
without money, penniless
impugn
to attack the integrity of something
implacable
not capable of being appeased or mollified
inchoate
just beginning, not organized or orderly, incomplete
iniquitous
evil, unjust
insouciant
nonchalant, lighthearted, unconcerned
intransigent
uncompromising, stubborn
inveterate
habitual, deeply rooted or established
juggernaut
a massive, unstoppable object
lassitude
a weariness, listlessness, a state of lethargy
libidinous
lustful, lascivious
machination
scheming activity for an evil purpose
malfeasance
an illegal act—especially by a public official
martinet
one who adheres strictly to the rules
mendacious
dishonest, deceitful
myopia
nearsightendness, lacking foresight
naïve
charmingly gullible
nepotism
showing favoritism to friends or family, as in granting positions in jobs or politics
nihilism
the belief that there are no values or morals in the universe, that existence is senseless or useless
noisome
harmful, unwholesome, stinking, putrid
obdurate
stubborn
obsequious
fawning, subservient, servile
onerous
burdensome, oppressive, troublesome
onus
burden, blame, obligation
opprobrious
damning, extremely critical, disgraceful
panacea
a remedy that cures everything
paradigm
a model or example
philistine
a smugly insensitive and ignorant person who has no knowledge of intellectual or artistic objects
phlegmatic
calm, indifferent, not easily aroused
plebeian
common, vulgar, low class
pluralism
a society in which distinct groups function together but retain their identities
portent
an omen, a sign nor something coming, a foreshadowing
probity
honesty, uprightness
prurient
lascivious, have lustful thoughts or desires
punctilious
meticulously attentive to detail, exacting
recidivism
the act of repeating an offense
redoubtable
formidable, fearsome, deserving of respect
remuneration
payment, recompense
rife
widespread, abounding, occurring frequently
ruminate
to muse upon
sallow
sickly, greenish-yellow
saturnine
sullen, gloomy, depressed
sententious
preachy, pompous, using wise sayings excessively
slatternly
squalid, slovenly, foul, unclean
somnolent
drowsy, sleepy
spate
a sudden outburst
stalwart
unwavering, robust, sturdily built
tendentious
advancing a point of view, biased
timorous
fearful, easily frightened
umbrage
displeasure or resentment
vagary
a whim, an unpredictable action
venerate
to honor, to worship, to respect
veracious
truthful, honest
vitriolic
corrosive, biting, bitterly scathing
wont
custom, habit