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45 terms

Passé Composé vs. Imparfait

Determining when to use Passé Composé or Imparfait.
STUDY
PLAY
Habitual action (in the past)
Imparfait
Weather
Imparfait
Age
Imparfait
Date
Imparfait
Once and done (in the past)
Passé Composé
helping words (imparfait)
was, kept on, used to
helping adverbs (imparfait)
tous les jours, chaque jour
helping words (passé Composé)
ed, was
helping adverbs
un jour, un matin, soudain, Tout à coup, tout de suite
How do you form it?
Form of être/avoir+past particle.
Je form (Imparfait)
ais
Tu form(imparfait)
ais
il/elle/on
ait
nous
ions
vous
iez
ils elles
aient
I used to eat cheerios everyday.
Imparfait.
Oneday I broke my nose.
Passé Composé
Physical or mental
Imparfait
how is imparfait formed?
it is formed on the nous form of the present. The ons is dropped and the endings of the imparfait are added.
what 3 possible english equivalents are there in passé composé?
ex. I danced. I have danced. I did dance.
finir/il
il a fini
example of a imparfait sentence.
Il y avait beaucoup de gens au cinéma. ( There were many people at the movies.)
Habitual actions or states of being ex:
Quand j'étais petit, nous allions à la plage chaque semaine. (When I was young, we used to go to the beach every week.)
The imperfect is used for...
habitual or repeated actions, something that happened an uncounted number of times
An action repeated a number of times in the past (passe compose)
Nous avons visité Paris plusieurs fois. (we've visted Paris a several of times)
nous aimons ( change the verbs to the past tense)
Nous avons aimé
An ongoing state of being or a repeated or incomplete action.
Imparfait
Imperfect indicates ...
Background information in conjunction with the passé composé.
change to imperfect -il veut
il voulait
change to imperfect -nous allons
nous allions
change to imperfect - je dois
je devais
Key word for imperfect
chaque semaine, mois, année ( every week, month, year)
Key word for imperfect
normalement (normally.)
Key word for imperfect
souvent (often)
Key word for Passé Composé
enfin (finally)
Key word for Passé Composé
un an (year)
Imparfait Irregular Verb-Être
J' étais - tu étais - il/elle/on était - nous étions -vous étiez - ils étaient
tu danserai
you will dance
We will eat
nous mangerons
Did you know?
Saviez-vous
They were saying
Ils disaient
aller
allé(es)
actions in the past.
passé composé and imparfait.
verb stem( nous form in present tense, minus -ons) +endings =
imparfait

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