50 terms

Canadian Parliamentary System


Terms in this set (...)

By virtue of being the sole candidate.
Administrative Branch
a branch of the democracy parliamentary system. Includes Civil Servants who put laws into effect.
election held when political office has become vacant between regularly scheduled elections eg someone has died or resigned.
law made by a local authority to regulate its own affairs.
Persons appointed by a head of state to head executive departments of government and act as official advisers.
a private meeting of party leaders to choose candidates for office.
Civil Servant
a member of civil service
Coalition Government
When two or more parties join together to form a majority in a national legislature.
Competitive Elections
Elections that are regular, free, and fair and that offer a real possibility of the incumbent government being defeated. Opposition parties and candidates must enjoy the freedom of speech, assembly and movement necessary to voice their criticism openly and bring alternative policies and candidates to the voters.
law determining the fundamental political principles of a government.
Constitutional Conventions
a meeting to consider changing or replacing a constitution.
Crossing the Floor
when a member of parliament votes against its own party.
Definitive Elections
In a true democracy, the leadership of the government must be determined. The leader holds all reins of power and there can't be any symbolic leader.
Riding/Electoral District/Constituency
an area represented by a member of the elected government.
Rule of Law
Principle that the law applies to everyone, even those who govern. (Equality before the law)
Executive Branch
A branch of government that comes up with policies that become laws. This branch includes the Prime Minister and his cabinet.
Federal System of Government
a system in which power is shared among state and national authorities. Federal state means the country has many different levels of government, national, provincial, regional and local.
General Elections
regularly scheduled elections at which voters make the final selection of officeholders.
Head of State
embodies the state and carries out ceremonial functions associated with representing the state both at home and abroad. Canada's head of state is Queen Elizabeth, which belongs to the legislative branch. However the head of state is merely symbolic, they don't really have any real power. The Governor-General is the person in practice.
House of Commons
part of the legislative branch, consists MPs (Members of Parliament), the House of Commons turns the policies from the Executive branch into laws.
House of Sober Second Thought
this refers to the Senate. The Senate includes Senators that are not voted into office, they mainly give a "second thought" to the laws passed by the House of Commons and decide to pass it.
idea of how the world should be.
Inclusive Elections
the number of citizens and voters must be large enough to include a large proportion of the adult population. A government chosen by a small, exclusive group is not a democracy.
Judicial Branch
a branch of government that refers to the various courts. The most important court is the Supreme Court and it deals with constitutional matters.
Left Wing
government that is in favour of change, looks towards future.
another word for laws.
Legislative Branch
a branch of government that refers to the Parliament. This includes the House of Commons, the Senate and the Governor-General.
Majority Government
refers to a government where the winning party has more than half the seats.
the head of a city government.
Minority Government
refers to a government where the winning party has less than half the seats.
Municipal Acts
the municipal acts establishes the structure of the local government, the election format for local governments and the powers of municipalities to raise taxes, pass by-laws and provide services.
Municipal Council
local governments usually divides its area into wards (electoral districts), and each ward elects a representative to the municipal council.
Non-Confidence Motions
this is when a parliamentary motion is put before the parliament by the opposition in hope of defeating a weakened government.
Official Opposition
the party with the second most seats.
Party Solidarity
MPs from the same party come together and vote the same way.
Periodic Elections
elected officials are accountable to the people and they must return to the voters at prescribed intervals to seek their mandate to continue in office.
a plan of action adopted by an individual or social group.
the head of government of a province or territory.
Prime Minister
the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system
the elected head of a small village, a township or a rural municipality, performing a similar role to the mayor of a town or city.
all citizens' right to vote
Representation by Population
the country is divided up into ridings, each riding elects one MP to represent them in Ottawa. Parts of Canada with more people have more representation in the House of Commons than parts with fewer people.
Right Wing
government is in favour of traditional values. Takes inspiration from how things were done in the past.
Royal Assent
a law being signed by the Governor-General, giving the law "royal assent", and the law becomes official.
Secret Ballot
to cast a free ballot and minimize the opportunity for intimidation, voters in a democracy must be permitted to cast their ballots in secret.
Section 91
a part of the constitution that states Ottawa(the federal government) has power over things such as trade, commerce, banking, defence, foreign relations and the like.
Section 92
a section of the constitution that states provinces have power over things such as edition, health and social policy.
Speaker of the House
the leader of the majority party who serves as the presiding officer of the House of Representatives.
Supreme Court
the most important court in the judicial branch, deals with all constitutional matters.
electoral districts that are divided from local governments