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Why was the Nile-o-meter important to the society and architecture of Egypt?
It allowed scribes to make predictions
Highway of Ancient Egyptian era?
The Nile River
Architectural progress grew through _______ and __________
How did architects protect pyramids from robbers?
They were built to fool robbers
Units of mesurement
Who built the pyramids?
What method was used to build pyramids?
Post and lintel
Looks like a pyramid with the top cut off. shaped like /‾‾\. Built for pharoahs.
King for which the Tomb at Saqqara and Step Pyramid were built
Architect who built the Tomb at Saqqara and Step Pyramid.
Where was gold found near Egypt?
How was the Mastaba built?
by stacking layers on top of one another.
Bent Pyramid, Red Pyramid
Great Pyramid at Giza
Spinx and Medium-size Pyramid at Giza
Smallest Pyramid at Giza
Great Pyramid- Dimensions
485 feet tall, each side of the square base is 755 feet
First female pharaoh
the consort of Queen Hatshepsut and the architect of her funerary temple
Added to the temple at Luxor
Built a new city
Temples of Luxor and Karnak
Religious temples, pharaohs put hieroglyphics on the walls to "compete"
First ritual play?
Death of Osiris; Egyptian roots
God of wine and fertility
Function of the first ritualistic performances?
Celebrate the Gods.
Why did theatre develop in Greece?
Ethos (self-pride) and because of the belief that the Gods were human-like and could be imitated.
Means "Goat" or "Goat Song", Tragedy Plays
Conventions of Greek Theatre
Masks, costumes, props, tools (eccyclema and dues ex machina), parados (stage entrance), no violence onstage
allowed actors to play more than one role or gender. contained megaphones.
Early Theatre Space
SR- ritual performance; CS- Altaro to Dionysis; SL- Shed for changing
Late Theatre Space
Painted background, parados, collonades, center in foreground, orchestra, dancing place
How many actors were there?
At first only one; Aeschylus introduced the second one, and Sophocles introduced the third one.
duex ex machina
god machine. lifted actors
no violence onstage; carried "dead" bodies onto the stage
stage house, changing room, storage
three sides, one scene painted on each side.
function of the chorus?
represented society. Provided advice, opinions, and characters.
Who wrote what Aristotle considered to be the finest example of tragedy?
Sophocles. Oedipus Rex
poetics/6 elements of tragedy
wrote about Gods. Themes: Justice, human dignity, choice, tragic flaw,
Wrote about heroes. Themes: wordly themes
Wrote about men as they are. Themes: social commentary, psychology, passion
Wrote Old Comedy. Themes: satire, pretensions, war.
Wrote New Comedy Themes: Daily life, struggles.
Theory of Knowledge
love of wisdom
water is fundamental, magnet has a soul because it makes things move
cosmology. Believed elements combined to create flat discs (earth and planets). All living things is a result of their seperation.
Everything is in "flux", change is constant, oppisite of Anaximander and parmenides.
logic and reason.
credibility and ethics
passion and emotion
Why did philosophy develop in Greece?
Because of Logos (myths can't explain EVERYTHING), when hard questions were asked, good answers were given (ethos),
"wise ones", not so wise.
man is measure of all things
truths are relative to the observer; there is no objective or independent truth
Why did some disagree with sophists?
they were not virtuous
nothing! he had no writings
questioning to reveal ignorance
wrote dialogues, founded The Academy, and "Theory of 'Forms'"
beauty and art. Art must have inspiration
Plato believed in a
Where did Aristotle graduate from?
knew many things on mnay subjects. Physics, metaphysics, ethics, politics, poetics, tragedy.
everything should be in moderation
Open mind to all knowledge. Happiness is the susbension of judgement
focus on happiness. avoid pain.
detachment from the material world. reason and virtue.
6 Elements of tragedy
Plot, Theme, Character, Diction, Music, and Spectacle