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78 terms

Peery review... feel free to edit

STUDY
PLAY
Why was the Nile-o-meter important to the society and architecture of Egypt?
It allowed scribes to make predictions
Highway of Ancient Egyptian era?
The Nile River
Architectural progress grew through _______ and __________
trial, error
How did architects protect pyramids from robbers?
They were built to fool robbers
Units of mesurement
body parts
Who built the pyramids?
Slaves
What method was used to build pyramids?
Post and lintel
Mastaba
Looks like a pyramid with the top cut off. shaped like /‾‾\. Built for pharoahs.
Post
vertical
lintel
horizontal
Djoser/Zoser
King for which the Tomb at Saqqara and Step Pyramid were built
Imhotep
Architect who built the Tomb at Saqqara and Step Pyramid.
Where was gold found near Egypt?
In Nubia
How was the Mastaba built?
by stacking layers on top of one another.
Snefru
Bent Pyramid, Red Pyramid
Cheops
Great Pyramid at Giza
Chephren
Spinx and Medium-size Pyramid at Giza
Mycerinus
Smallest Pyramid at Giza
Great Pyramid- Dimensions
485 feet tall, each side of the square base is 755 feet
Hatshepsut
First female pharaoh
Senmut
the consort of Queen Hatshepsut and the architect of her funerary temple
Amenhotep III
Added to the temple at Luxor
Amenhotep IV
Built a new city
Temples of Luxor and Karnak
Religious temples, pharaohs put hieroglyphics on the walls to "compete"
First ritual play?
Death of Osiris; Egyptian roots
theatron
Seeing place
auditorium
hearing place
Dionysus
God of wine and fertility
Function of the first ritualistic performances?
Celebrate the Gods.
Why did theatre develop in Greece?
Ethos (self-pride) and because of the belief that the Gods were human-like and could be imitated.
Tragos
Means "Goat" or "Goat Song", Tragedy Plays
Conventions of Greek Theatre
Masks, costumes, props, tools (eccyclema and dues ex machina), parados (stage entrance), no violence onstage
Masks
allowed actors to play more than one role or gender. contained megaphones.
Early Theatre Space
SR- ritual performance; CS- Altaro to Dionysis; SL- Shed for changing
Late Theatre Space
Painted background, parados, collonades, center in foreground, orchestra, dancing place
How many actors were there?
At first only one; Aeschylus introduced the second one, and Sophocles introduced the third one.
duex ex machina
god machine. lifted actors
eccyclema
no violence onstage; carried "dead" bodies onto the stage
skene
stage house, changing room, storage
orchestra
dancing place
periaktoi
three sides, one scene painted on each side.
function of the chorus?
represented society. Provided advice, opinions, and characters.
Who wrote what Aristotle considered to be the finest example of tragedy?
Sophocles. Oedipus Rex
Thespis
first actor
Aristotle
poetics/6 elements of tragedy
Aeschylus
wrote about Gods. Themes: Justice, human dignity, choice, tragic flaw,
Sophocles
Wrote about heroes. Themes: wordly themes
Euripides
Wrote about men as they are. Themes: social commentary, psychology, passion
Aristopanes
Wrote Old Comedy. Themes: satire, pretensions, war.
Menander
Wrote New Comedy Themes: Daily life, struggles.
tragic flaw
Hubris
Epistemology
Theory of Knowledge
philosophy
love of wisdom
Ionians
observational philosophy
Thales
water is fundamental, magnet has a soul because it makes things move
Anaximander
cosmology. Believed elements combined to create flat discs (earth and planets). All living things is a result of their seperation.
Heraclitus
Everything is in "flux", change is constant, oppisite of Anaximander and parmenides.
Logos
logic and reason.
Ethos
credibility and ethics
Pathos
passion and emotion
Why did philosophy develop in Greece?
Because of Logos (myths can't explain EVERYTHING), when hard questions were asked, good answers were given (ethos),
Pythagoras studied
music/harmonics
Sophists
"wise ones", not so wise.
Relativism
man is measure of all things
subjectivism
truths are relative to the observer; there is no objective or independent truth
Why did some disagree with sophists?
they were not virtuous
Socrates wrote....
nothing! he had no writings
Socratic method
questioning to reveal ignorance
Plato
wrote dialogues, founded The Academy, and "Theory of 'Forms'"
Aesthetics
beauty and art. Art must have inspiration
Plato believed in a
governing class
Where did Aristotle graduate from?
Plato's Academy
Aristotle
knew many things on mnay subjects. Physics, metaphysics, ethics, politics, poetics, tragedy.
Golden mean
everything should be in moderation
Skepticism
Open mind to all knowledge. Happiness is the susbension of judgement
Epicuranism
focus on happiness. avoid pain.
Stoicism
detachment from the material world. reason and virtue.
6 Elements of tragedy
Plot, Theme, Character, Diction, Music, and Spectacle