19 terms

AP Human Geography Ch. 6

AP Human Geography, Chapter 6, Religion
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Animism
-belief that objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit and conscious life
-That I thought thunderstorms were caused by giants living underneath us
Autonomous religion
-religion that does not have a central authority but shares ideas and cooperates informally
- such as Islamic
Branch
-large and fundamental division within a religion
-Roman Catholic
Caste
-class of distinct hereditary order into which a Hindu is assigned according to religious law
-The highest position was a priest
Cosmogony
-set of religious beliefs concerning the origin of the universe
-Can be different in every religion
Denomination
-division of a branch that unites a number of local congregations in a single legal and administrative body
-Presbyterian
Diocese
-basic unit of geographic organization in the Roman Catholic Church
-Is headed by a Bishop
Ethnic religion
-religion with a relatively concentrated spatial distribution whose principles are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the particular location in which its adherents are concentrated
-Hinduism
Fundamentalism
-literal interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a religion
-Is important way how groups keep their distinct cultural identity
Ghetto
-during the Middle Ages, a neighborhood in a city set up by law to be inhabited only by Jews; now used to denote a section of a city in which members of any minority live because of social, legal, or economic pressure
-We think of this as the bad part of town
Hierarchical religion
-religion in which a central authority exercises a high degree of control
-Roman Catholic Church the Pope
Missionary
-individual who helps to diffuse a universalizing religion
-Only done by universalizing religions
Monotheism
-doctrine or belief of the existence of only one god
- the Jews were the 1st to believe this
Pagan
-follower of a polytheistic religion in ancient times
-Greeks
Pilgrimage
-journey to a place considered sacred for religious purposes
- Islamic religion takes this every year
Polytheism
-belief in or worship of more than one god
-Hinduism
Sect
-relatively small group that has broken away from an established denomination
-Mormons
Solstice
-time when the Sun is farthest from the equator
-the winter solstice is the shortest day of year
Universalizing religion
-religion that attempts to appeal to all people, not just those living in a particular location
-Christianity
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