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Terms in this set (97)

Shift work increasing
working outside the hours of 8 am to 5 pm
Rotating shift workers do not work the same shifts over time
experiencing an especially elevated risk for poor health Sleep deprivation and dysregulation of circadian rhythms leading to adverse health outcomes.
While few night shift workers ever make the full shift in circadian rhythms, rotating shift workers can never hope to achieve a full transition, and as a result experience additional health risks,
Ex: Workers in transportation, health care, mining, and construction often have such schedules.
Researchers focus more on the direct physical consequences of such schedules than on the socially mediated mechanisms related to job strain. Some schedules may simultaneously have both harmful and beneficial social effects.
Ex: shift workers selecting schedules to maintain family cohesiveness and care
Also: such shift work may have adverse consequences related to the breakdown of community or family participation.
The evidence linking shift work to adverse health outcomes has grown enormously over the last decade.
Most obviously, shift work disrupts workers' daily routines, so that they end up snacking at odd hours, or becoming socially isolated from their peers.
Shift work also suppresses melatonin secretion, leading to increased production of estrogen that may increase the risk for breast cancer. The global integration of economies worldwide has resulted in increased pressure for "labor flexibility."
A notable aspect of this trend has been the rise in nonstandard work arrangements, which include (involuntary) part-time work, temporary agency-based work, fixed-term contingent work, and independent contracting.
Schedule control refers specifically to the timing of work, how much people work, when they are able to start and stop work, and whether they can take time off during the workday.
Control over work schedules is associated with reduced work-family conflict.
ATTACHMENT THEORY

Bowlby proposed that there is a universal human need to form close affectional bonds
separation of infants from their mothers was unhealthy.
loss and separation as key issues for psychotherapy. Attachment theory contends that the attached figure— most often, but not necessarily, the mother— creates a secure base from which an infant or toddler can venture forth and explore. Bowlby argued with many psychoanalysts that attachment is a "primary motivational system" - not secondary to feeding or warmth
Form a secure base for solid attachment in adulthood and provide prototypes for later social relations. Secure attachment - as opposed to avoidant, ambivalent, or disorganized attachment - allows the maintenance of affectional bonds and security in a larger system. We now have increasing evidence of the importance of such early attachment for emotional regulation and adult health




IN THE BOOK
1first formulated attachment theory.
2.John Bowlby has been described as one of the most important psychiatrists in the twentieth century (51). He qualified as a psychoanalyst in 1937 and soon thereafter was proposing theories to the British Psychoanalytic Society suggesting that the environment, especially in early childhood, plays a critical role in the genesis of neurosis. Early in his career, he believed that the separation of infants from their mothers was unhealthy. He saw loss and separation as key issues for psychotherapy. Bowlby proposed that there is a universal human need to form close affectional bonds (52).

. Social Epidemiology (p. 238). Oxford University Press. Kindle Edition.