APWH 14: Post-Classical East Asia

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infrastructure
The basic support systems needed to keep an economy going. Includes transportation, water, sanitation, and communications systems.
Tang Dynasty
Chinese dynasty whose capital was Chang`an. Known for their elaborate tribute system, equal-field distribution, and introduction of civil service exams.
Wu Zhao
Empress of China during the Tang dynasty. The only woman to assume the title of emperor for herself in China.
civil service exam
Exam based on Confucian beliefs that served as the basis for promotion in China. Built China as a meritocracy.
Tang tribute system
China was recognized as the overlord of the surrounding lands, and envoys from these lands would deliver gifts to the court and kowtow before the emperor.
Song Dynasty
The Chinese dynasty that emphasized civil administration, industry, education, and arts instead of the military.
Neoconfucianism
In postclassical China, a mixture of traditional Confucian and Buddhist beliefs.
foot-binding
The practice of tying a young girl's feet in order to keep them inordinately small.
Shinto
The ancient indigenous religion of Japan.
Taika Reforms
Attempt to remake Japanese monarch into an absolute Chinese-style emperor; included attempts to create professional bureaucracy and peasant conscript army.
Fujiwara
Aristocratic family that dominated the Japanese imperial court between the ninth and twelfth centuries.
shogun
Medieval hereditary military dictator of Japan.
daimyo
A Japanese feudal lord who oversaw a regional territory in medieval Japan.
samurai
A Japanese soldier known for their expertise in the martial arts. Worked under the daimyo.