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31 terms

Apush civil war vocab

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stuff vs. spirit
north had all the supplies and men but the south had morale and determination
"tax in kind"
confederate govt. made a tax saying that 10% of all southern farmer's agriculture and live stock had to be given up for slaughter, if not the people faced a 50% penalty. Confederacy did this in hopes of paying for all war supplies and debt
cotton diplomacy
South thought that they could use cotton to lure England and France recognize the confederacy and give them aid against the North. They even withheld cotton to try and give them a "cotton famine".
Anaconda plan
a plan drawn up to favor the union: had four parts; 1) blockade southern coast 2)control mississippi river, cut South off from West; 3) divide South farther 4) capture Richmond
Antietam
also known as Sharpsburg, bloodiest battle in civil war, important northern victory against Lee at great cost
Gettysburg
an accidental battle where the Union prevailed, significant because the Confederacy never broke Union lines
Siege of Vicksburg
union army under Grant laid siege on Vicksburg, Mississippi which gave them some control over Southern army
Sherman's March to Sea
Sherman's union troops captured Atlanta, GA and burned the city along with Savannah and parts of South Carolina
greenbacks
us currency used during the civil war
conscription
aka the draft, no official draft but conscription acts were made in North when volunteer status lowered
South's military strategy
they were greatly outnumbered, but all the South had to do to have victory was not lose! They had more morale, better/more experienced generals. but had to be more careful with their men
total war
complete mobilization of all avaliable resources, sometimes no distinction is seen between soldier and civilian, typically hostile and aggressive fighting
Appomattax Court House
place where Union army cornered Lee in Richmond when taking the capital, where Lee surrendered to Grant
Confiscation Acts
a series of laws passed to liberate slaves in seceded states- all slaves working for confederate army are freed
Emancipation proclamation
"all persons held as slaves within the rebellious states are free"- Lincoln
13th amendment
slavery shall not exist in the US unless for punishment and congress has the right to enforce it
Lincoln's 10% plan
any state could re-enter the Union if 10% of their voters (as counted in the presidential election of 1860) took an oath to follow and abide by emancipation
Freedmen's Bureau
an organization that helped provide emancipated slaves with food, clothing, medical supplies, and most importantly education--> taught over 200,000 former slaves to read
military reconstruction act
passed by congress despite President Johnson's wishes; congress says that to re-enter the union you must: 1) confederates give all men right to vote; 2) all former confederate states must ratify 14th amendment; 3)divide south into 5 military districts 4)congressional approval for new state constitutions
Johnson's impeachment
he was accused of being a drunk, having a harem, and at this point he didn't do much. He also tried to fire Lincoln's secretary of war, Edwin Stanton, he was a spy for the radicals.
Scalawag
Southern whites who supported reconstruction after the war, considered southern traitors
carpetbaggers
sleazy Northerners who moved to South after the war for profit and personal power
black codes
southern laws designed to regulate the affairs of the freed blacks, a lot like the Jim Crowe laws, a way to control and inhibit blacks
crop lien system
allowed farmers to receive food, supplies, and credit to harvest crops, and then pay back debt after crops are harvested and sold
Compromise of 1877
after 1876 election, the democrats and republicans secretly made a compromise to fix a few things as long as the Republicans did the following: 1) remove federal troops from South; 2) appoint a democrat to the presidential cabinet; 3) appoint democrats to southern govt. positions
Sharecropping
laborers with no land of their own worked on a farm plot owned by others, at the end of the season landowners paid them a portion of the crop
radical
radical party: made up of former Whigs, Know-Nothings and unionists. Hate slavery and are behind Lincoln
redeemer governments
when bi-racial republican governments are replaced by all white democratic governments
KKK & Enforcement Acts
Ku Klux Klan: souther racists, night riding terrorists who would torture or kill upstarting blacks. Enforcement acts were passed because Congress was outraged by the KKK- passed to re-enforce the 15th amendment
14th amendment
protects rights from state infringement, protects citizenship, disqualifies confederate officials
15th amendment
all men have the right to vote regardless of color or race