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stuff vs. spirit

north had all the supplies and men but the south had morale and determination

"tax in kind"

confederate govt. made a tax saying that 10% of all southern farmer's agriculture and live stock had to be given up for slaughter, if not the people faced a 50% penalty. Confederacy did this in hopes of paying for all war supplies and debt

cotton diplomacy

South thought that they could use cotton to lure England and France recognize the confederacy and give them aid against the North. They even withheld cotton to try and give them a "cotton famine".

Anaconda plan

a plan drawn up to favor the union: had four parts; 1) blockade southern coast 2)control mississippi river, cut South off from West; 3) divide South farther 4) capture Richmond


also known as Sharpsburg, bloodiest battle in civil war, important northern victory against Lee at great cost


an accidental battle where the Union prevailed, significant because the Confederacy never broke Union lines

Siege of Vicksburg

union army under Grant laid siege on Vicksburg, Mississippi which gave them some control over Southern army

Sherman's March to Sea

Sherman's union troops captured Atlanta, GA and burned the city along with Savannah and parts of South Carolina


us currency used during the civil war


aka the draft, no official draft but conscription acts were made in North when volunteer status lowered

South's military strategy

they were greatly outnumbered, but all the South had to do to have victory was not lose! They had more morale, better/more experienced generals. but had to be more careful with their men

total war

complete mobilization of all avaliable resources, sometimes no distinction is seen between soldier and civilian, typically hostile and aggressive fighting

Appomattax Court House

place where Union army cornered Lee in Richmond when taking the capital, where Lee surrendered to Grant

Confiscation Acts

a series of laws passed to liberate slaves in seceded states- all slaves working for confederate army are freed

Emancipation proclamation

"all persons held as slaves within the rebellious states are free"- Lincoln

13th amendment

slavery shall not exist in the US unless for punishment and congress has the right to enforce it

Lincoln's 10% plan

any state could re-enter the Union if 10% of their voters (as counted in the presidential election of 1860) took an oath to follow and abide by emancipation

Freedmen's Bureau

an organization that helped provide emancipated slaves with food, clothing, medical supplies, and most importantly education--> taught over 200,000 former slaves to read

military reconstruction act

passed by congress despite President Johnson's wishes; congress says that to re-enter the union you must: 1) confederates give all men right to vote; 2) all former confederate states must ratify 14th amendment; 3)divide south into 5 military districts 4)congressional approval for new state constitutions

Johnson's impeachment

he was accused of being a drunk, having a harem, and at this point he didn't do much. He also tried to fire Lincoln's secretary of war, Edwin Stanton, he was a spy for the radicals.


Southern whites who supported reconstruction after the war, considered southern traitors


sleazy Northerners who moved to South after the war for profit and personal power

black codes

southern laws designed to regulate the affairs of the freed blacks, a lot like the Jim Crowe laws, a way to control and inhibit blacks

crop lien system

allowed farmers to receive food, supplies, and credit to harvest crops, and then pay back debt after crops are harvested and sold

Compromise of 1877

after 1876 election, the democrats and republicans secretly made a compromise to fix a few things as long as the Republicans did the following: 1) remove federal troops from South; 2) appoint a democrat to the presidential cabinet; 3) appoint democrats to southern govt. positions


laborers with no land of their own worked on a farm plot owned by others, at the end of the season landowners paid them a portion of the crop


radical party: made up of former Whigs, Know-Nothings and unionists. Hate slavery and are behind Lincoln

redeemer governments

when bi-racial republican governments are replaced by all white democratic governments

KKK & Enforcement Acts

Ku Klux Klan: souther racists, night riding terrorists who would torture or kill upstarting blacks. Enforcement acts were passed because Congress was outraged by the KKK- passed to re-enforce the 15th amendment

14th amendment

protects rights from state infringement, protects citizenship, disqualifies confederate officials

15th amendment

all men have the right to vote regardless of color or race

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