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Child Development

Quiz 3
STUDY
PLAY
The total growth seen between ages 2 and 6 apporoximates:
A) 30 pounds, 20 inches
B) 22 pounds, 15 inches
C) 15 pounds, 12 inches
B) 22 pounds, 15 inches
Parents of a 5 year old girl are likely to say:
A) She eats too much
B) She isn't eating enough
C) She has no control over her appetite
B) She isnt eating enough
Most important, young children get an insufficient intake of:
A) Fruits
B) Vitamins
C) Vegetables
D) Iron, zinc and calcium
D) Iron, Zinc and Calcium
The most common disease of young children in developed nations is:
A) Anemia
B) AIDS
C) insomnia
D) Early tooth decay
D) Early tooth decay
The part of the body that develops most quickly is:
A) the heart
B) the eyes
C) the lungs
D) the brain
D) the brain
The process of myelination involves:
A) bone growth
B) nerve insulation
C) Muscles
B) Nerve insulation
Myelination:
A) connects the two halves of the brain
B) compensates for loss of brain function
C) promotes regular childhood sleep
D) Speeds up the transmission of neural impulses
Speeds up the transmission of neural impulses
The process of myelination continues through:
A) infancy
B) late childhood
C) mid adolescence
D) Early adulthood
D) Early adulthood
The part of the brain responsible for planning and analyzing matures during:
A) infancy
B) toddlerhood
C) late childhood
D) late adolescence
D) Late adolescence
The amygdale is a brain structure that registers:
A) body temperature
B) emotions
C) speech perception
D) handedness
B) Emotions
An infant who is held and sharply shaken back and forth is a victim of:
A) Parental stress
B) Adult anger syndrome
C) Shaken baby Syndrome
D) Convulsion disorder
C) Shaken baby syndrome
An example of a gross motor skill is:
A) Painting a picture
B) dialing a phone
C) picking up a bug
D) Swimming acroos a pool
D) Swimming across a pool
Writing your name is a......whereas kicking a ball is a:
A) Sensorimotor skill
B) Physical skill/ cognitive skill
C)fine motor skill/ gross motor skill
C) Fine motor skill/ gross motor skill
Children have difficulty with fine motor skills because:
A) they lack the necessary muscular control
B) they lack perceptual skills
C) they lack motivation
A)they lack the necessary muscularcontrol
Identify the activity that requires fine motor skills:
A) buttoning a coat
B) kicking a ball
C) climbing a tree
D) playing tag
A) buttoning a coat
For preschoolers, the cause of accidental death is most likely from:
A) falling
B) drowning
C) head injuries
D) being hit by a car
B) drowning
An example of tertiary prevention is:
A) establishing parenting courses
B) taking a child away from parents who have repeatedly abused her
C) removing the second child if the first has been abused
B) taking a child away from parents who have repeatedly abused her
Symptoms of maltreatment include:
A) an out of body feeling
B) hypervigilance
C) hypo-manic reaction
D) depersonalization
B) hypervigilance
Secondary prevention always involves:
A) stopping a problem before it begins
B) responding to the first symptoms
C) getting children out of abusives homes
B) responding to the first symptoms
The definition of child maltreatment includes both................and.............
Abuse, Neglect
Myelination results in more rapid.......or neural impulses
transmission
The brain part that allows children to coordinate functions that involve both halves of the body is the......................
Corpus Callosum
To Piaget the difference between cognition during infancy and the preschool years is:
A) understanding object permanence
B) the reduction in egocentrism
C) the ability to think symbolically
D) abstract and scientific thinking
C) the ability to think symbolically
Piaget believed that between the ages of two and six, it is difficult for children to think:
A) subjectively
B) egocentrically
C) operationally
D) abstractly
C) operationally
Using logical principles to think is referred to as:
A) symbolic thought
B) centration
C) pragmatic reasoning
D) operational thought
D) operational thought
Thinking about one idea at a time, ignoring other ideas is known as:
A) centration
B) animism
C) consevation
D) Egocentrism
A) Centration
When children demonstrate centration, they:
A) are in the formal operational stage
B) cannot make a decision
C) only look at one aspect of a problem
C) only look at one aspect of a problem
Specify the preoperational characteristic:
A) decentration
B)reversibility
C) deductive reasoning
D) focus on appearance
D) focus on appearance
To assume that the world is unchanging is to engage in:
A) magical thinking
B) static reasoning
C) centration
D) a focus on appearance
B) static reasoning
Failure to understand that undoing a sequence of events will bring about the original conditions or situation is called:
A) concrete operations
B) conservation
C) irreversibility
D) symbolic thought
C) irrecersibility
Vygotsky's theory includes the idea of:
A) young children as apprentices in thinking
B) discovery learning
C) prescribed curriculum
A) young children as apprentices in thinking
The process that depends heavily on exploration and social experiences is:
A) proximal development
B) scaffolding
C) active learning
D) guided participation
D) guided participation
In the less developed nations, the most common teachers are:
A) older siblings
B) parents
C) extended family members
D) funded programs
A) Older siblings
Vygotsky suggested that each individual is surrounded by a zone of:
A) possibilities
B) distal development
C) proximal development
D) potentiality
C) proximal development
A teacher who carefully plans each childs participation in the learning process is:
A) reinforcing good behavior
B) scaffolding
C) teaching new skills
D) constructing
B) scaffolding
According to Vygotsky, language is:
A) A tool to make oneself understood
B) a tool to regulate behavior
C) a tool to advance thought
D) a tool of self expression
C) a tool to advance thought
When a person talks to herself or himself it is referred to as:
A) theory of mind
B) A river of consciousness
C) mentally disturbed
D) private speech
D) private speech
Preschoolers do not use private speech to:
A) review what they know
B) decide what to do
C) communicate with those around them
D) explain events to themselves
C) communicate with those around them
Piagets view of development included:
A) guided participation
B) scaffolding
C) active learning
D) apprenticeship
C) active learning
A childs ability to add new vocabulary words very quickly is called:
A) fast mapping
B) word mapping
C) mental language
D) word charting
A) fast mapping
Fast mapping explains how children are able to:
A)understand new words
B) add words into their vocabulary
C) learn how to pronounce new words
A) understand new words
The term most closely associated with fast mapping is:
A) over regularization
B) the language shift
C) logical extension
D) theory-theory
C) Logical extension
Among the most difficult words for preschoolers to learn are:
A) egocentric words
B) action verbs
C) concrete nouns
D) abstract nouns
D) abstract nouns
Toddlers who speak two word sentences are demonstrating:
A) an understanding of holophrases
B) understanding of divergent thining
C) understanding of grammar
C) understanding of grammar
The skills needed to learn to read are called:
A) grammar
B) emergent literacy
B) emergent literacy
When children are read to and discuss what is read at least daily, they naturally develop:
A) a good memory
B) creative writing skills
C) Cognitive congruency
D) an extensive vocabulary and awareness of sounds
D) an extensive vocabulary and awareness of sounds
The preschoolers prevailing tendency to view the world and others exclusively from their own personal perspective is..................
egocentrism
The four aspects of preoperational thought include centration, focus on appearance, irreversibility, and ........................
static reasoning
The view of a child as an apprentice in thinking was inspired by the work of..........................
Vygotsky
Eriksons stage that occurs between 3 and 6 years is called:
A) initiative vs guilt
B) phallic pride vs guilt
C) the preoperational stage
D) autonomy vs inferiority
A) initiative vs guilt
If a 6 year old girl has a high self esteem, one could say she has successfully resolved Eriksons stage of:
A) trust vs mistrust
B) autonomy vs shame and doubt
C) initiative vs guilt
D) industry vs inferiority
C) initiative vs guilt
In Eriksons third psychosocial stage a child:
A) eagerly takes on new tasks
B) has not yet developed a sense of failure
C) does not react to criticism
A) eagerly takes on new tasks
An angry 5 year old might stop herself from hitting another child because she has developed:
A) social referencing
B) self esteem
C) identification
D) emotional regulation
D) emotional regulation
Emotional regulation develops due to:
A) changes within the brain
B) learning
C) both brain changes and learning
D) peer interaction
C) both brain changes and learning
Children who are able to control their frustrations and impatience are most likely:
A) securely attached
B) insecurely attached
C) reactive
D) impulsive
A) securely attached
Identify the prosocial behavior:
A) Savannah takes out the garbage for a quarter
B) Elena helps her mother so that her mother will taker her to the park
C) John says please when asking for something
D) Beth feeds her baby brother because her mother is sick
D) Beth feeds her baby brother because her mother is sick
An example of antisocial behavior is:
A) Jamie tries to share his toys with Jill
B) Mark intentionally knocks over Sam's blocks
C) Pete helps his mother rake the leaves
B) Mark intentionally knocks over Sam's blocks
When deciding if kids are really fighting one should look for:
A) their mothers
B) a play face
C) their hands wagging
D) a difference in size
B) a play face
In sociodramatic play children:
A) play physically with eachother
B) act out roles and create stories
C) coordinate senses and motions
D) cooperate with others
B) act out roles and create stories
The difference between rational and reactive aggression is that relational aggression is.....whereas reactive aggression is....
A) retaliatory bullying
B) physical behavior
C) social physical behavior
D) verbal, social
Social physical behavior
Aggression used to obtain or retain a toy or other object is called:
A) bullying
B) instrumental aggression
C) reactive aggression
D) personal aggression
B) instrumental aggression
One thing bullies and their victims have in common is:
A) low tolerance for frustration
B) future involvement in aggression
C) a false image of maleness
D) inadequate emotional regulation
D) inadequate emotional regulation
When
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