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Quiz 3

According to Vygotsky, language is:
A) A tool to make oneself understood
B) a tool to regulate behavior
C) a tool to advance thought
D) a tool of self expression

C) a tool to advance thought

Aggression used to obtain or retain a toy or other object is called:
A) bullying
B) instrumental aggression
C) reactive aggression
D) personal aggression

B) instrumental aggression

Among the most difficult words for preschoolers to learn are:
A) egocentric words
B) action verbs
C) concrete nouns
D) abstract nouns

D) abstract nouns

The amygdale is a brain structure that registers:
A) body temperature
B) emotions
C) speech perception
D) handedness

B) Emotions

An angry 5 year old might stop herself from hitting another child because she has developed:
A) social referencing
B) self esteem
C) identification
D) emotional regulation

D) emotional regulation

The brain part that allows children to coordinate functions that involve both halves of the body is the......................

Corpus Callosum

Children have difficulty with fine motor skills because:
A) they lack the necessary muscular control
B) they lack perceptual skills
C) they lack motivation

A)they lack the necessary muscularcontrol

Children who are able to control their frustrations and impatience are most likely:
A) securely attached
B) insecurely attached
C) reactive
D) impulsive

A) securely attached

A childs ability to add new vocabulary words very quickly is called:
A) fast mapping
B) word mapping
C) mental language
D) word charting

A) fast mapping

The definition of child maltreatment includes both................and.............

Abuse, Neglect

The difference between rational and reactive aggression is that relational aggression is.....whereas reactive aggression is....
A) retaliatory bullying
B) physical behavior
C) social physical behavior
D) verbal, social

Social physical behavior

Emotional regulation develops due to:
A) changes within the brain
B) learning
C) both brain changes and learning
D) peer interaction

C) both brain changes and learning

Eriksons stage that occurs between 3 and 6 years is called:
A) initiative vs guilt
B) phallic pride vs guilt
C) the preoperational stage
D) autonomy vs inferiority

A) initiative vs guilt

An example of a gross motor skill is:
A) Painting a picture
B) dialing a phone
C) picking up a bug
D) Swimming acroos a pool

D) Swimming across a pool

An example of antisocial behavior is:
A) Jamie tries to share his toys with Jill
B) Mark intentionally knocks over Sam's blocks
C) Pete helps his mother rake the leaves

B) Mark intentionally knocks over Sam's blocks

An example of tertiary prevention is:
A) establishing parenting courses
B) taking a child away from parents who have repeatedly abused her
C) removing the second child if the first has been abused

B) taking a child away from parents who have repeatedly abused her

Failure to understand that undoing a sequence of events will bring about the original conditions or situation is called:
A) concrete operations
B) conservation
C) irreversibility
D) symbolic thought

C) irrecersibility

Fast mapping explains how children are able to:
A)understand new words
B) add words into their vocabulary
C) learn how to pronounce new words

A) understand new words

For preschoolers, the cause of accidental death is most likely from:
A) falling
B) drowning
C) head injuries
D) being hit by a car

B) drowning

The four aspects of preoperational thought include centration, focus on appearance, irreversibility, and ........................

static reasoning

Identify the activity that requires fine motor skills:
A) buttoning a coat
B) kicking a ball
C) climbing a tree
D) playing tag

A) buttoning a coat

Identify the prosocial behavior:
A) Savannah takes out the garbage for a quarter
B) Elena helps her mother so that her mother will taker her to the park
C) John says please when asking for something
D) Beth feeds her baby brother because her mother is sick

D) Beth feeds her baby brother because her mother is sick

If a 6 year old girl has a high self esteem, one could say she has successfully resolved Eriksons stage of:
A) trust vs mistrust
B) autonomy vs shame and doubt
C) initiative vs guilt
D) industry vs inferiority

C) initiative vs guilt

In Eriksons third psychosocial stage a child:
A) eagerly takes on new tasks
B) has not yet developed a sense of failure
C) does not react to criticism

A) eagerly takes on new tasks

An infant who is held and sharply shaken back and forth is a victim of:
A) Parental stress
B) Adult anger syndrome
C) Shaken baby Syndrome
D) Convulsion disorder

C) Shaken baby syndrome

In sociodramatic play children:
A) play physically with eachother
B) act out roles and create stories
C) coordinate senses and motions
D) cooperate with others

B) act out roles and create stories

In the less developed nations, the most common teachers are:
A) older siblings
B) parents
C) extended family members
D) funded programs

A) Older siblings

The most common disease of young children in developed nations is:
A) Anemia
C) insomnia
D) Early tooth decay

D) Early tooth decay

Most important, young children get an insufficient intake of:
A) Fruits
B) Vitamins
C) Vegetables
D) Iron, zinc and calcium

D) Iron, Zinc and Calcium

A) connects the two halves of the brain
B) compensates for loss of brain function
C) promotes regular childhood sleep
D) Speeds up the transmission of neural impulses

Speeds up the transmission of neural impulses

Myelination results in more rapid.......or neural impulses


One thing bullies and their victims have in common is:
A) low tolerance for frustration
B) future involvement in aggression
C) a false image of maleness
D) inadequate emotional regulation

D) inadequate emotional regulation

Parents of a 5 year old girl are likely to say:
A) She eats too much
B) She isn't eating enough
C) She has no control over her appetite

B) She isnt eating enough

The part of the body that develops most quickly is:
A) the heart
B) the eyes
C) the lungs
D) the brain

D) the brain

The part of the brain responsible for planning and analyzing matures during:
A) infancy
B) toddlerhood
C) late childhood
D) late adolescence

D) Late adolescence

Piaget believed that between the ages of two and six, it is difficult for children to think:
A) subjectively
B) egocentrically
C) operationally
D) abstractly

C) operationally

Piagets view of development included:
A) guided participation
B) scaffolding
C) active learning
D) apprenticeship

C) active learning

Preschoolers do not use private speech to:
A) review what they know
B) decide what to do
C) communicate with those around them
D) explain events to themselves

C) communicate with those around them

The preschoolers prevailing tendency to view the world and others exclusively from their own personal perspective is..................


The process of myelination continues through:
A) infancy
B) late childhood
C) mid adolescence
D) Early adulthood

D) Early adulthood

The process of myelination involves:
A) bone growth
B) nerve insulation
C) Muscles

B) Nerve insulation

The process that depends heavily on exploration and social experiences is:
A) proximal development
B) scaffolding
C) active learning
D) guided participation

D) guided participation

Secondary prevention always involves:
A) stopping a problem before it begins
B) responding to the first symptoms
C) getting children out of abusives homes

B) responding to the first symptoms

The skills needed to learn to read are called:
A) grammar
B) emergent literacy

B) emergent literacy

Specify the preoperational characteristic:
A) decentration
C) deductive reasoning
D) focus on appearance

D) focus on appearance

Symptoms of maltreatment include:
A) an out of body feeling
B) hypervigilance
C) hypo-manic reaction
D) depersonalization

B) hypervigilance

A teacher who carefully plans each childs participation in the learning process is:
A) reinforcing good behavior
B) scaffolding
C) teaching new skills
D) constructing

B) scaffolding

The term most closely associated with fast mapping is:
A) over regularization
B) the language shift
C) logical extension
D) theory-theory

C) Logical extension

Thinking about one idea at a time, ignoring other ideas is known as:
A) centration
B) animism
C) consevation
D) Egocentrism

A) Centration

To assume that the world is unchanging is to engage in:
A) magical thinking
B) static reasoning
C) centration
D) a focus on appearance

B) static reasoning

Toddlers who speak two word sentences are demonstrating:
A) an understanding of holophrases
B) understanding of divergent thining
C) understanding of grammar

C) understanding of grammar

To Piaget the difference between cognition during infancy and the preschool years is:
A) understanding object permanence
B) the reduction in egocentrism
C) the ability to think symbolically
D) abstract and scientific thinking

C) the ability to think symbolically

The total growth seen between ages 2 and 6 apporoximates:
A) 30 pounds, 20 inches
B) 22 pounds, 15 inches
C) 15 pounds, 12 inches

B) 22 pounds, 15 inches

Using logical principles to think is referred to as:
A) symbolic thought
B) centration
C) pragmatic reasoning
D) operational thought

D) operational thought

The view of a child as an apprentice in thinking was inspired by the work of..........................


Vygotsky's theory includes the idea of:
A) young children as apprentices in thinking
B) discovery learning
C) prescribed curriculum

A) young children as apprentices in thinking

Vygotsky suggested that each individual is surrounded by a zone of:
A) possibilities
B) distal development
C) proximal development
D) potentiality

C) proximal development

When a person talks to herself or himself it is referred to as:
A) theory of mind
B) A river of consciousness
C) mentally disturbed
D) private speech

D) private speech

When children are read to and discuss what is read at least daily, they naturally develop:
A) a good memory
B) creative writing skills
C) Cognitive congruency
D) an extensive vocabulary and awareness of sounds

D) an extensive vocabulary and awareness of sounds

When children demonstrate centration, they:
A) are in the formal operational stage
B) cannot make a decision
C) only look at one aspect of a problem

C) only look at one aspect of a problem

When deciding if kids are really fighting one should look for:
A) their mothers
B) a play face
C) their hands wagging
D) a difference in size

B) a play face

Writing your name is a......whereas kicking a ball is a:
A) Sensorimotor skill
B) Physical skill/ cognitive skill
C)fine motor skill/ gross motor skill

C) Fine motor skill/ gross motor skill

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