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12 terms

Psychology Chpt 2

STUDY
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Learning
an enduring change in the way an organism responds based on its experience
Broca Aphasia
An impairment in the physical ability to produce speech sounds or, in extreme cases, an inability to speak at all; caused by damage to Broca's area
Broca's Area
The area in the frontal lobe usually in the left hemisphere, that controls the production of speech sounds.
Wernicke's area
The language area in the left temporal lobe involved in comprehending the spoken word and in formulating coherent speech and written language
Wernicke's aphasia
Aphasia that results from damage to Wernicke's area and in which the person's speech is fluent and clearly articulated but does not bake sense to listeners.
Electroencephalograph (EEG)
Gross electrical activity of brain on surface of scalp; varies with frequency and amplitude
Magnetoencephalography
Measures brain's magnetic fields
Non-Associative learning
changes in responsiveness resulting from exposure to a stimulus repeatdly - 1. Habituation 2. Sensitization
Habituation
Adapting to a repetitive stimulus
Sensitization
Not adapting to a stimulus and doing something about it
Associative learning
mentally connecting different sets of events together; learning by experience; baby learns what a book is by mother holding book and reading it to baby - 1. Classical conditioning 2. Instrumental Conditioning
Classical Conditioning
type of learning through which an organism learns to associate one stimulus with another