Steps to the American Revolution
Terms in this set (16)
Lexington and Concord
On their way to seize weapons and arrest rebel leaders the British had their first military exchange with the colonists when someone fired the "shot heard round the world"
First Continental Congress
55 delegates met to challenge British control. They banned trade with England until 13 acts were repealed, told colonists to gather arms, & decided to meet again if Britain didn't comply
Acts that were punishment for the citizens of Boston until they paid for the destroyed tea. Punishment included: Closing Boston Harbor, limiting self-government in Mass., and a stronger Quartering Act.
Boston Tea Party
When the royal governor insisted ships of tea be unloaded, members of the Sons of Liberty dressed as Native Americans and dumped 342 chests of tea into Boston Harbor in an act of civil disobedience.
In attempts to get colonists to actually pay their taxes and stop smuggling goods into the colonies, this act lowered the tax on imported molasses, sugar, and coffee, and allowed officers to seize goods from accused smugglers.
Proclamation of 1763
An imaginary line that prohibited settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains. It allowed England to keep an eye on the colonists while also trying to prevent further conflict with natives. Colonists resented the limits it placed on westward expansion and the troops that came to enforce it.
To save the British East India Company, Parliament granted a monopoly (total control) on the sale of tea to the British. Colonists did not want ships to unload the tea.
Repeal of the Townshend Act
Troubled by growing opposition and boycotts in the colonies, Parliament repealed all taxes in this act except the tax on tea.
A direct tax that required to purchase a stamp for printed materials (newspaper, legal documents, playing cards, etc.). It led to riots, protests, and colonial boycotts (refusal to purchase) of British goods.
Soldiers provoked by an angry mob fired into the crowd and killed 5 colonists. Crispus Attucks was the first American casualty in the Revolution.
An act which made colonists pay for and provide housing and food for the soldiers if public housing ran out of space.
Parliament responded to the Stamp Act Congress's question of representation by declaring that Parliament had the right to make laws for the colonists "in all cases whatsoever."
Sons of Liberty
A secret organization that formed in Boston under leader Samuel Adams to fight British taxation through the motto: "No taxation without representation." Their violent protests included burning effigies to scare tax collectors
Indirect taxes on imported goods such as glass, tea, and paper. Troops were sent to Boston to control the colonial protests that followed
Stamp Act Congress
At the first gathering of elected colonial representatives, delegates united against the Stamp Act by signing a petition that said Parliament had no right to impose taxes on colonists without a representative
Repeal of the Stamp Act
British merchants lost money as a result of colonial boycotts and non-importation of British goods. Economic issues led Parliament to repeal (put an end to) this act.
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