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20 terms

Chapter 4 Criminal law

STUDY
PLAY
substantive defense
legal position that disproves, justifies, or otherwise excuses an alleged crime
plea bargaining
accused person admitting guilt to a less serious crime in exchange for having a more serious charge dropped
self-defense
use of force that appears to be reasonably necessary to the victim to prevent death, serious bodily harm, rape, or kidnapping
crime
punishable offense against society
contempt of court
action that hinders the administration of justice
felony
crime punishable by either a fine of more that $1,000 or by confinement for more than a year in a state prison or by death
vicarious criminal liability
substituted criminal liability
immunity
freedom from prosecution even when one has committed the crime charged
punishment
any penalty provided by law and imposed by a court
misdemeanor
crime punishable by confinement in a county or city jail for less than one year, by fine or both
procedural defense
a criminal defense based on how the evidence was obtained or how the accused was arrested, questioned or tried
True
an individual who helped in a car jacking in which someone was killed by another car jacker can be charged with murder
bribery
unlawfully offering or giving anything of value to influence performance of an official is called
felony
Ben is convicted and sentenced to two to five years in jail. The crime he has commited is a
false
immunity is never granted to someone who has committed the crime
true
a reasonable ground for belief is referred to as probable cause
forgery
falsely making or materially altering a writing to defraud another is called
white collar crimes
typically offenses committed in the business world are called
society
legally a crime is considered an offense against
substantive defense
self-defense is a