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US History 4
Terms in this set (30)
1. manifest destiny
2. more landowners (more democracy)
3. spirit of individualism
4. more respect for women
5. dry farming (wheat, cows)
6. rough living
7. key to development- railroad
8. cattle drive crew
features of the western territories (8)
1. low priced land
2. wanted internal improvements
3. no tariffs
political goals of western territories
most diverse- Native Americans, Mexicans, Chinese
people in western territories
food- beef, corn, potatoes
main money maker in western territories
senator in the west
belief that God wanted Americans to move west
what was manifest destiny?
the expansion of slavery in the west
what was the main cause of the civil war
slave states would keep slavery, new states would be free states- the north
what did free soil believe and who wanted this
slave states would keep slavery, new states could vote on slavery- south
what did popular sovereignty mean? who wanted this?
no because no matter what they were slave states
did slaves in the south support either of these?
they wanted to outlaw slavery everywhere
what did abolitionist want?
Missouri became a slave state, Maine became a free state, and the 36 30 line was established
what were the three parts of the Missouri compromise?
said all states above it were free states, and all states below it were slave states
what was the 36 30 line?
the south obsessed over the number of slave and free states, and wanted it to be equal because they felt like the north had power in the judicial and executive branch, and they knew as long as their are the same number of slave and free states, the senate would be equal. Missouri caused a problem when it became a state because half of it was north towards the free states, and half south towards the slave states. He created this compromise so their would be peace between the north and south and wanted to prevent a civil war.
why was did Henry Clay create the Missouri Compromise?
The Compromise of 1850
what was the second compromise Clay came up with?
1. California becomes a free state
2. the rest of the Mexican cession has popular sovereignty
3. the fugitive slave law was passed
4. sale of slaves prohibited in DC
what were the 4 parts of The Compromise of 1850?
it said northern states were supposed to help the southern states chase down runaway slaves
what was the fugitive slave law
it wanted slaves to be free (will not have slaves)- and it was around California
What was the Wilmot Proviso and what area did it cover?
it said this territory could have popular sovereignty (KAN vote)- around Kansas, North Dakota, South Dakota, etc
what was the Kansas- Nebraska act and what areas did it cover?
supported by most northerners prior to the civil war
wanted to ban slavery ONLY in new territories
suggested that new states VOTE on slavery
believed slavery was a moral evil
established the 36 30 line
Compromise of 1850
made California a free state
made Maine a free state
suggested to have free soil in the Mexican Cession
Compromise of 1850
created fugitive slave act
this law called for pop sov. in territory entirely north of the 36 30 line
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