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77 terms

Anthropology exam 3

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Women give their total allegiance to their husband's family
Which statement about the Chinese patrilineal family is false?
exogamy.
Marrying outside a group is
mother's brother.
In a matrilineal society, a boy's father figure is his:
living in a place of one's own.
Neolocal residence means
the unilineal descent groups.
Patrilineal descent groups are the most common of
property and political office pass from one man to another, but through a women.
In matrilineal descent systems
legitimizes marriages and transfers rights over children to the father's family.
Bridewealth
jointly by the prospective bride and groom.
In Western societies, mate selection is largely a decision made
societies in which there is elaborate social hierarchy
Arranged marriages are found most often in what type of society?
dowry
Which form of marriage compensation is a transfer of goods from the bride's family to the groom's family?
However:how different societies sort and categorize kinship relationships is as much a matter of culture as it is of biology.
In all human societies, kinship is tied to the biological relationships created by human reproduction.
person from whose point of view we are tracing the relationship
EGO refers to the
matrilocal.
The post-marital residence pattern characterized by the couple living with or near the parents of the bride is called
creating relationships with people with whom they are likely to cooperate.
Incest avoidance can have positive social advantages by forcing people to marry outside of their immediate family, thereby
caste endogamy.
Castes in India provide a good example of:
the rules a culture uses to establish affiliations with one's parents.
The term descent is used by anthropologists to refer to
a widower is expected to marry the sister or another close relative of his dead wife
The sororate is a marriage custom in which
prohibits sexual relations with certain categories of kin.
The incest taboo
a woman having more than one husband at a time.
Polyandry is
fictive kin.
An "aunt" or "uncle" who has no biological or marital relationship is an example of:
in which there is a great amount of geographic mobility.
Nuclear families are found in societies
lineal relatives.
A kinship diagram of a son, father, grandfather, and a great grandfather would include:
patrilineal kinship
traditional Chinese families are good examples of:
bilateral descent system
individuals, except for siblings, have a unique kindred in a:
endure over time and clearly define who is a member and who is not
unilineal descent groups
descent
the rules that a culture uses to establish affiliation with one's parents is called:
Zuni men are divided by serving the economic interests of their wives and the ceremoninal needs of their sisters and mothers.
zuni( new mexico)
marital; blood
The nuclear family is based on _____ ties and the extended family is based on _____ ties.
provide links between successive generations and ties across a single generation.
Cross-culturally, most kinship systems:
All of these choices
New reproductive technologies challenge:
men's and women's gender roles are not defined in the same ways in all societies.
Margaret Mead's study of three New Guinea societies determined that
all societies regulate sexual conduct.
While human sexuality varies widely from culture to culture
women do approximately one third of the work throughout the world.
The World Bank has found that financial credit given to women is good business because of all of the following except:
is much more common than the rare preference for female children.
The preference for male children
gender roles.
Expected ways of behaving based on a society's definition of masculinity and femininity is called
hunting and gathering
Which of the following types of societies are most associated with gender egalitarianism?
all types of societies.
Gender stratification is found in
India.
Where are there very pronounced rates of female infanticide?
breadwinner/housewife
In the US, the terms _______ and _______ often come to mind when questioning women's roles.
is a way to show gender ideology towards male gender bias
Female infanticide .
the way members of the two sexes are perceived, evaluated, and expected to behave.
The text defines gender as
It has little relationship to gender segregation in the American workforce.
Which statement about the "feminization of poverty" is false?
has a long historical presence in the US
Occupational segregation
the traditional high status of Ju/'hoansi women.
Anthropologist Richard Lee attributes the low incidence of HIV/AIDS among the Ju/'hoansi to:
Most rapes are committed by strangers.
Which statement about violence against women in the U.S. is false?
preparing food.
Which of the following tasks is not generally shared between males and females across cultures?
highly egalitarian.
Band societies are usually
the least amount of political organization.
Tribal societies are usually associated with all of the following except:
They serve to integrate local tribal segments.
Which statement about pan-tribal mechanisms is true?
ancestor worship.
In societies where dead ancestors are considered fully functioning members of the descent group, an especially effective means of social control may be
refers to the violation of social norms.
Deviance
a society that has no political leader
What is a "headless" society?
song duels
Among the Inuit of Canada, which of the following is practiced to settle disputes?
informal announcements of disputes involving kinsmen and friends of the litigants.
Moots are
social norms.
The term used to define what a society considers an expected way of behavior is called
deviance.
Social control in small-scale (acephalous) societies is maintained by all of the following except:
chiefdoms.
The redistributive mode of distribution is predominantly found in
cutting across and integrating local segments of the tribe into a larger whole.
A pan-tribal mechanism is an organization:
kinship.
A nation refers to a group of people who frequently share all of the following except:
Chiefdoms are rarely hereditary.
Which statement about chiefdoms is not true?
a high level of political integration.
Bands and tribes are politically associated with each of the following except:
ambilineal descent.
Societies in which parents can choose their children's kinship affiliation are classified as:
neolocal.
In U.S. society, the typical marital residence pattern is:
to compensate the bride's family in a society where material goods are not accumulated.
Bride service is practiced:
comprise the majority of the world's kinship designations.
Unilineal descent systems:
level of formal education.
All of the following are criteria used to distinguish between different kin categories except:
the rules a culture uses to establish affiliations with one's parents.
The term descent is used by anthropologists to refer to
It has little relationship to gender segregation in the American workforce.
Which statement about the "feminization of poverty" is false?
Norway
Which country has the highest Gender Empowerment Measure (greatest equality between men and women)?
gender roles.
Expected ways of behaving based on a society's definition of masculinity and femininity is called
a situation in which married women work both in outside employment and also within the home
What is the traditional meaning of a "double workload"?
control the allocation of scarce resources.
According to Ernestine Friedl, women are subordinate to men because men
in her home.
Most violence to women in the United States occurs?
male dominance.
Gender ideology in most societies is used to justify
is a way to show gender ideology towards male gender bias.
Female infanticide
men engage in warfare, hunt large animals, and clear land.
As a general rule, most societies divide labor by gender so that
women do approximately one third of the work throughout the world.
The World Bank has found that financial credit given to women is good business because of all of the following except: