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a society of Jesus (teachers and missionaries)

Ignatius of Loyola

founder of Jesuits; saint

Francis Xavier

first Jewish missionary


jewish woman


a revelation of future events


the community of Jews in Babylon after the exile outside Israel


giving witness to one's faith by proclaiming good news of Jesus Christ to the world through words and actions


inveritiable stories that are passed down from generation and accepted as true or partly true; form a legend cycle in the narratives in the Book of Daniel- a pattern which a religious figure is confronted with temptation but remains faithful to God and is delivered from danger

apocalyptic literature

usually written in response to real or perceived persecution

Alexander the Great

lover of all things Greek; hellenized the Ancient Near East; conquered the Persian empire, bringing hellenic civilization to Palestine

Philip of Macedon

had unified the warring Greek city-states

Antiochus III

turned his attention towards Egypt and Palestine


emerging superpower


widowed seven times


angel who acts as the meditator at God's throne to bring about Sarah and Tobit's deliverence from persecution

Book of Daniel

old testament book best known for apocalyptic symbolism


a center of itellectual learning; it was a public institution where training for public competition occurered, as did the teaching of philosophy, literature, and music


the major Greek god; to be worshipped alongside the God of the Jews

Judas Maccabees

the leader of the revolt (against?) Antiochus IV; marched into Jerusalem, reclaimed and cleansed the Temple, and restored the priests who had remained faithful (first Jewish revolt)



Hasmonean Dynasty

descendants of the Maccabean family

Herod the Great

handpicked; Roman choice to rule Palestine during the birth of Jesus

Herod Antipas

responsible for the execution of John the Baptist

Antiochus IV Epiphanes

A Seleucid ruler; tried to unify people by enforcing a hellenistic way of life; desecrated the Jewish Temple with images of Greek gods


becomes blind when committing an act of mercy


Gr. philosopher and Alexander's teacher


Alexander the Great's mother believed her son was destined for a divine mission because he was a descendent of him


by living according to their faith and acting agianst the laws of the governeing body that contradicted their religious laws, the Jews risked...


they were forced to accept Judaism by Hasmonean ruler John Hyrcanus


Judith defeated them with her beauty and charm

Cyrus the Great

this Persian king is called the "messiah" by the prophet Isaiah


the Babylonian king who conquered Judah (Kingdom)

Alexander the Great

conquered the Persian empire, bringing hellenic civilization to Palestine

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