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Forensic Psychology Chapter 3 Review
Terms in this set (31)
According to a study of college student interactions noted in the text, on average, study participants told _______ lies in about ten minutes.
Lying is considered to be an adaptive behavior from a(n) _______________ point of view.
The ability of humans to maintain a relatively harmonious group relationship is facilitated by our ____________ the truth.
- Bending, Reshaping, Spinning and Shading
According to the text, the "____________ Hypothesis" posits that human intelligence was accelerated by the need for humans to develop social skills related to manipulation and deception.
- Machiavellian Intelligence
Lying can be best be described as:
According to research completed by Bond and DePaulo (2006), people's ability to distinguish lies was noted as having _____________% overall rate of accuracy.
When police detectives were assessed as to their ability to detect lies, according to our text, they were _______ likely to assess the truthfulness of video-graphed statements than were college students.
According to one study and the text, police detectives demonstrated ________ toward evaluating false confessions as true.
According to one study, ______% of individuals reported that squirming, glancing, askance and fidgeting were indicators of untruthfulness.
According to the text, polygraphs are able to identify approximately ______% of guilty suspects.
The tendency to seek out information that supports our beliefs is otherwise known as _______________.
- Confirmation Bias
The theory behind the polygraph test is that _________ causes ___________.
The federal Polygraph Protection Act of 1988 prohibited ________ from administering polygraphs for the purpose of hiring for a job.
- Private Employers
The control question test (CQT) posits that guilty individuals react to ____________ questions, whereas innocent individuals react to _____________ questions.
Criticism of the use of polygraphs is both _________ and __________.
According to a study conducted by Honts, Raskin & Kircher (1994), the use of countermeasures reduced the detection of guilty suspects by ____________%
Techniques such as the use of drugs, alcohol, and physical distractions are examples of:
According to the text, polygraphs fail to snare about _________% of guilty suspects and falsely accuse approximately _________% of innocent individuals.
One problem with using polygraph tests as part of a criminal investigation is that:
- Not alone under controlled situations
Using the polygraph for the uses of employment are ___________ than those used in criminal cases
- Less Accurate
Polygraph testing has been excluded as evidence in court in ______ states, expect under exponential circumstances.
The polygraph may be used as a method to evoke _______________.
The guilty knowledge test (GKT) focusses on:
- Guilty parties recognizing crime events
The guilty knowledge test (GKT) uses a multiple-choice question format. When a questions are posed, ________ multiple-choice options are provided.
According to research completed by Lykken (1998), when the guilty knowledge test (GKT) is used, _______% of innocent suspects were identified as guilty, while ________% of guilty suspects were correctly classified.
As with a traditional polygraph test, the guilty knowledge test (GKT) can be influenced by ___________.
The _________ shows a video image of the brain in action.
The technique that uses systematic analysis of written statements to assess the credibility of statements related to a particular event is:
- Criteria Based Content Analysis
According to the text, an EEG reads neural impulses in _____________, whereas the fMRI reads brain activity every ___________.
- 2 seconds
__________________ measures minute changes in the heat of the human face.
- High Definition Inferred Thermal Imaging
Credibility assessment is also referred to as ___________.
- Lie detection
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