Anatomy 4.2

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Terms in this set (...)

Primary function of C.T.
Connect tissues to other tissues
C.T does what
Serve as framework for the body
Insulate
Protect
Main transport system
Connective Tissue Components
Extracellular Matrix
Cells
Extracellular Matrix
What is made by the cells
3 components of Extracellular Matrix
Protein Fibers
Ground Substances
Fluid
Protein Fibers
Collagen
Flexible/Strong
Ground Substances
Hard
Mineralized Protein
Hardness/Durability
Fluid
Transport
Types of Cells in C.T.
Blast Cells
Clast Cells
Cyte Cells
Macrophage Cells
Mast Cells
Blast Cells
Blast: produce extracellular matrix
Chondro: cartilage
Fibroblast: produce lots of collagen
Osteo: bone
Hemo: blood
Clast Cells
Clast: destroy extracellular matrix
Cyte Cells
Maintain extracellular matrix
Macrophage Cells
Specialized white blood cells that enters the body tissue and keeps it clean
Mast Cells
Non motile inflammatory agent
Start inflammation
Types of C.T. that is primarily made up of Collagen Fibers
Dense C.T.
Areolar C.T.
Adipose C.T.
Cells
Fibro
Dense
Lots of collagen and very little space
Types of Dense C.T.
Dense Regular Fibrous C.T.
Dense Irregular Fibrous C.T.
Dense Elastic Fibrous C.T
Dense Regular Fibrous C.T.
Consistent pattern
-Tendons
-Ligaments
Tendons
Connect muscle to bone (some movement)
Ligaments
Connect bone to bone (no movement)
Dense Irregular Fibrous C.T.
Lots of collagen in many directions
-Periosteum
Periosteum
Around bones
Dense Elastic Fibrous C.T.
Lots of collagen mixed with elastic fibers
-Dermis
Areolar C.T.
Loose with lots of space or air
Between organs, around cavities, and between muscles
Adipose C.T.
Fat
Has enlarged cells
Filled with oils
Insulates
Backup energy
Types of C.T primarily made with Ground Substances
Cartilage
Bone
Cartilage
Chondro
Types of Cartilage C.T.
Hyaline Cartilage
Fibrocartilage
Elastic Cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage
Found between bones and joints
Fibrocartilage
Found between the vertebrae
Elastic Cartilage
Found in ears and nose
Bone
Osteo
Types of Bone C.T.
Compact Bone C.T.
Cancellous Bone C.T.
Compact Bone C.T.
Thick/Solid outer layer of bone
Framework
Cancellous Bone C.T.
Spongy
Bone with space
Found in the middle of bones
-Weight/Blood production
Types of C.T. primarily made with Fluid
Blood C.T.
Blood C.T.
Main transport system for body
2 conditions for fluidity
Temperature
Movement