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Terms in this set (23)
how do oral contraceptives (OC) work?
inhibit ovulation by negative feedback loop which shut downs the secretion of FSH and LH, and thins the endometrium (tricks the body it is already pregnant)
Progesterone only pills used in what population?
woman that are breast feeding or recently post partum
OC reduce the effectiveness of?
coumadin and insulin
OC protective effect for?
endometrial and uterine cancer
do not give OC to?
smokers over 35 or to those with clot or BRCA hx or those with abnormal bleeding
emergency contraception, prevents ovulation, one time dose, effective for up to 5 days, prescription
Premarin and Prempro
hormone replacement therapy for menopause
higher risk for with Premarin and Prempro?
MI, stroke, BRCA, dementia, clots
estrogen used with?
combo with progesterone after overy removal
if on prolonged hormone replacement therapy need?
endometrial biopsy every 2
DOC for uterine abnormalities?
DUB, amenorrhea(absence of menstuaration), endometriosis, IVF(uterus prep), endometrial cancer
adverse effects of progesterones?
BRCA, clots, breakthrough bleeding, edema, jaundice, migraines
induces uterine contractions
inhibit uterine contractions
infertility med, stimulates release of LH, maturation of more ovarian follicles
synthesis of erythropoitein = increased RBC in males
used by athletes to build muscle mass
adverse effects of anabolic steroids
elevated cholesterol, decreased sperm production, acne, hepatoxicity, agression
erectile dysfunction meds?
inhibit PDE-5, enhance the erection by maintaining smooth muscle relaxation in the penis, increasing blood flow
erectile dysfunction meds can cause?
hypotension with nitrates
relax smooth muscles and allow urine outflow - hypotension is adverse effect, monitor BP
5 Alpha reductase inhibitors
works by blocking testosterone and gland enlargement, pregnant woman should not handle, and cannot donate blood
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