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24 terms

Milady's Cosmetology Chapter 14: Principles of Hair Design

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Asymmetrical Balance
Is established when two imaginary halves of a hairstyle have an equal visual weight, but the two halves are positioned unevenly. Opposite sides of the hairstyle are different lengths or have a different volume. Asymmetry can be horizontal or diagonal.
Balance
Establishing equal or appropriate proportions to create symmetry. In hairstyling, it is the relationship of height to width.
Bang area
Also known as the fringe area; triangular section that begins at the apex, or high point of the head and ends at the front corners.
Concave profile
Curving inward; prominent forehead and chin, with other features receded inward.
Contrasting lines
Horizontal and vertical lines that meet at a 90-degree angle and create a hard edge.
Convex profile
Curving outward; receding forehead and chin
Curved lines
Lines moving in a circular or semi-circular direction; used to soften a design
Design texture
Wave patterns that must be taken into consideration when designing a style
Diagonal lines
Lines positioned between horizontal and vertical lines. They are offten used to emphasize or minimize facial features.
Directional lines
Lines with a definite forward or backward movement
Emphasis
Also known as focus; the place in a hairstyle where the eye is drawn first before traveling to the rest of the design.
Form
The mass or general outline of a hairstyle. It is three-dimensional and has length, width, and depth.
Harmony
The creation of unity in a design; the most important of the art principles. Holds all the elements of the design together.
Horizontal lines
Lines parallel to the floor or horizon; create width in design
Parallel lines
Repeating lines in a hairstyle; may be straight or curved.
Profile
Outline of the face, head, or figure seen in a side view.
Proportion
The comparative relation of one thing to another; the harmonious relationship amont parts or things.
Rhythm
A regular pulsation or recurrent pattern of movement in a design.
Single lines
A hairstyle with only one line, such as the one-length hairstyle.
Space
The area surrounding the form or the area the hairstyle occupies.
Straight profile
Neither convex nor concave; considered the ideal
Symmetrical balance
Two halves of a style; form a mirror image of another
Transitional lines
Usually curved lines that are used to blend and soften horizontal or vertical lines
Vertical lines
Lines that are straight up and down; create length and height in hair design.