Lesson XII - Grammar Questions #1-56
Terms in this set (56)
FF1 Give the five vowel letters and their long sounds in Latin.
a e i o u /ah/ /ay/ /ee/ /oh/ /ōō/
FF2 Give two Latin words that have the long sound of the five vowels.
FF3 Always in Latin and usually in English, c, g, and sc are soft before ___________.
e i ae oe
FF4 Always in Latin and usually in English, c, g, and sc are hard before __________.
a o u consonants
FF5 In Latin and English hard c has the sound of ____.
FF6 Soft c has the sound of ___ in English and ___ in Latin.
FF7 In Latin, gn is pronounced like ____. Give two examples (and their English meaning.)
/ny/ pugno (I fight) magnus (large)
FF8 Give the names, from left to right, of the last three syllables of a Latin word.
antepenult penult ultima
FF9 The accent is on the ______ syllable unless the _______ syllable is marked.
FF10 Verb families are called ____________.
FF11 How many conjugations are there? Name them.
four first second third fourth
FF12 Give the six attributes of a Latin verb.
conjugation person number tense voice mood
FF13 Give the three grammar persons.
first person second person third person
FF14 The first person is the person ____________.
FF15 The second person is the person ___________.
FF16 The third person is the person _____________.
FF17 Give the two grammar numbers.
FF18 How many Latin tenses are there? Name them.
six present imperfect future perfect pluperfect future perfect
FF19 The stem vowel of the 1st Conjugation is:
FF20 In Latin, imperfect means _________________________________.
FF21 The imperfect tense sign is ________________.
FF22 The imperfect tense is used to describe an _______________________________________________ or _______________________________ action.
ongoing, repeated, habitual
FF23 What English helping verbs translate the imperfect tense?
FF24 The two basic parts of a sentence are ____________________________________.
the subject and the predicate
FF25 The subject is _______________________________________.
who or what the sentence is about
FF26 The predicate tells __________________________________.
what the subject is or does
FF27 What is Sentence Pattern 1?
subject + verb
FF28 What English helping verb translates the Latin future tense?
FF29 The three tenses that make up the Present System are _______________________________________________________.
present, imperfect, future
FF30 The Present System is built on the __________________________________.
FF31 What are principal parts? How many are there?
The forms that provide the stems needed to conjugate a verb in all its tenses. There are usually four p.p.
FF32 What is the name of the 2nd principal part?
FF33 The infinitive ending for all 1st conjugation verbs is ______________________________.
FF34 How do you find the present stem?
Drop re from the infinitive.
FF35 The English inifinitive is written with the particle _________ before the verb.
FF36 The to be verb shows ___________________________ not ____________________.
FF37 Give the English forms of the to be verb.
am, is, are, was, were, be, being, been
FF38 Give the regular endings for the principal parts of 1st conjugation verbs
-o -are -avi -atus
FF39 What is Sentence Pattern 2?
subject + verb + direct object
FF40 Something that completes the action of the verb is a __________________________________.
FF41 What is the first complement in this text?
the complementary infinitive
FF42 In Latin grammar, perfect means __________________________.
FF43 The perfect tense describes what kind of action?
a one-time action completed in the past
FF44 The perfect tense is built on the ______________________ stem.
FF45 How do you find the perfect stem?
Drop i from the 3rd principal part
FF46 Give three translations for
I called, I have called, I did call
FF47 What English helping verbs translate the perfect tense?
have, has, did
FF48 The pluperfect tense is built on the ___________________ stem.
FF49 The pluperfect tense describes what kind of action?
A past action completed prior to another past action
FF50 What English helping verb translates the pluperfect tense?
FF51 The pluperfect tense endings are identical to __________________________________________________________.
the imperfect tense of sum
FF52 The future perfect tense is built on the ____________________ stem.
FF53 The future perfect tense describes ______________________________________________________________.
an action in the future completed prior to another action in the future
FF54 What English helping verbs translate the future perfect tense?
FF55 The future perfect tense endings are identical to __________________________________ except for ______________________________.
the future tense of sum
3rd person plural
FF56 The tenses of the Perfect System are ___________________________________________________________ and they are built on the __________________________.
perfect, pluperfect, future perfect