48 terms

US Constitution

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Legislative Branch (Congress)
makes laws, imposes taxes, and declares war
House of Representatives (Lower House)
435 voting members called congressmen
(number based on state's population)
Senate (Upper House)
100 members called senators (2 from each state)
qualifications to be in Congress
-live in the state you represent
-be a citizen (Sen. 9 years; Rep. 7 years)
-be 30 or older (Senator)
-be 25 or older (Rep)
impeach
to bring charges of wrongdoing against a federal official
Senatorial duties
-ratify treaties
-review presidential appointments
-act as jury in impeachment hearings
Congressional terms of office
Senate-6 years
House-2 years
bill
a proposed law under consideration by Congress
House duties
taxes
impeach officials
regulate commerce
(all $ bills start in the House then go to the Senate)
Speaker of the House
Paul Ryan (R)
(leader of House sessions)
(3rd in line for president)
Capitol
building where the Congress meets
President of the Senate
Vice-President of the US
judicial branch
article 3
highest US court
supreme court
how many justices on supreme court
9
how long term for justice
life
requirements for supreme court
0
appoints Supreme Court Justices
president
approves Supreme Court Justices
senate
power to declare laws unconstitutional
judicial review / Supreme Court
main job of Supreme Court
interpret the constitution
court that has no jury
Supreme Court
check on Supreme Court power
amend the constitution
set a standard for future cases
judicial precedent
paper that explains why the majority voted
majority opinion
paper that explains why justices disagree with majority
dissenting opinion
4 landmark cases
miranda vs arizona, brown vs board of education, new jersey vs TLO, marbury vs madison
law set up federal courts
judiciary act of 1789
2 types of federal cases
crime on ships and federal property
where federal cases start
district court
right of you disagree with court decision
appeal
# of district appeal courts
11
3 federal courts
claims, territorial, tax
current chief justice
John Roberts
4 associate justices
Alito, Thomas, Sotomayor, Sueter
Executive Branch responsibility
carries out the laws (passed by Congress)
President as Chief Diplomat
directs foreign policy,
appoints ambassadors,
negotiates treaties
President as Commander-in-Chief
uses the military in crises at home or abroad
(with congressional approval)
President as Head of State
representative of all Americans,
receives foreign dignitaries,
bestows honors on Americans
President as Legislative Leader
proposes laws to Congress (and works to see they are passed)
Cabinet
advises the President on policy
(for farming, education, foreign affairs, etc)
vice-president
-presides over Senate meetings
-President in emergency
-does whatever the president asks of him
veto
President refuses to sign a bill into law
override
Congress can eliminate a veto by 2/3 majority vote (difficult to accomplish)
State of the Union address
speech by President to Congress once a year
(about the condition of the country...President must be invited)
President
Barack Obama (D)
Vice-President
Joe Biden (D)
Executive Orders
an order that comes from the U.S. President (or a government agency) and must be obeyed like a law
(an order having the force of law issued by the president of the US to the army, navy, or other part of the executive branch of the government.)