Civics Unit 1, Lesson 1 and 2
Terms in this set (30)
people who move permanently to a new country
What group of immigrants moved to the United States in the 1500s?
the Spanish (from Spain)
Where did the Spanish settle in the United States?
What countries did immigrants move to the United States from in the 1600s and the 1700s?
France, the Netherlands, England, Germany, Sweden, Ireland, Scotland, and Africa
Where did the French mostly settle?
Where did the immigrants from the Netherlands mostly settle?
New York City
Where did the English mostly settle?
along the Atlantic coast
Why did immigrants come from Africa?
because of the slave trade
What countries did immigrants move to the United States from in the 1800s and 1900s?
Ireland, Germany, China, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Russia, Italy, Greece, Poland
Why did people from China move to the United States in the 1800s?
the gold rush in California
What countries did immigrants move to the United States from starting in 2000 until the present?
Mexico, Latin American countries, and Asia
Why have immigrants from Asia moved to the United States?
What does popular sovereignty mean?
the government receives the power to rule from the people
What are the two ways to become a citizen of the United States?
birth and naturalization
What makes you a natural born citizen?
1. if you are born in any of the 50 states or D.C.
2. if you are born in an American territory
3. if one or both of your parents are American citizens
4. if you were born on American soil
What is considered an American territory?
Puerto Rico, Guam, or an overseas military base
How can a person have dual citizenship?
if a child is born to American parents while overseas, they may be both a US citizen and a citizen of the country they were born in
What is an alien?
What does naturalization mean?
the legal process of becoming a citizen
What are three ways that you can lose your citizenship?
3. convicted of certain crimes
What is expatriation?
giving up one's citizenship by leaving one's native country to live in a foreign country
What are illegal aliens?
people living in the United States illegally
What is a legal alien?
a noncitizen who is legally permitted to remain in the country
What are legal aliens allowed to do?
hold jobs, own property, attend public schools, receive government services, able to have legal protection
Do legal aliens have to pay taxes?
What are the three types of legal aliens?
1. resident aliens
2. nonresident aliens
What is a resident alien?
1. person from a foreign country who has established permanent residence in the US
2. they can stay as long as they want without becoming a citizen
3. have to have a green card
What is a nonresident alien?
a person from a foreign country who expects to stay in the US for a short, specific period of time
What is a refugee?
a person fleeing their country to escape persecution
What does the process of naturalization require?
1. declaration of intention
2. apply for citizenship
5. oath of loyalty
6. sign a document
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