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Terms in this set (50)
A document that gives the holder the right to organize settlements in an area
Joint Stock Company
A company in which investors buy stock in the company in return for a share of its future profits. Example: London Company (Jamestown)
Elected representative to an assembly. The assembly had the right to make local laws for the colony.
Example: House of Burgesses (only men could vote)
Sir Walter Raleigh
A friend of Queen Elizabeth who wanted to start a colony in North America. Sent 100 men to settle on Roanoke Island. Failed in his attempt.
Governor of the Roanoke colony who left for supplies and returned to a mysterious disappearance of the colonists.
First English child born in the Americas.
Indirectly took on a position of leadership at Jamestown. Learned how to grow maize from the Native Americans.
The crop that saved the settlers from starvation.
Jamestown colonist who learned to grow tobacco using seeds from West Indies.
Native American woman who married John Rolfe and helped improve relations beteen the Powhatan Indians and settlers at Jamestown.
Cash Crop - Jamestown
Disagreement with, or opposition to, an opinion.
Many disagreed with the beliefs of the new Church of England: The Anglican Church
To treat someone harshly because of that person's beliefs or practices.
English Catholics who still considered the Pope head of the Church were persecuted.
Protestants who, during the 1600's, wanted to "purify" / reform the Anglican Church.
Unwilling to allow other religious groups the freedom to practice their beliefs. Established the
Protestants who, during the 1600's, wanted to leave the Anglican Church.
Separatists who journeyed to the colonies during the 1600's for religious purposes.
Sailed on the Mayflower
Landed at Plymouth Rock , Massachusetts.
A formal document, written in 1620, that provided law and order to the Plymouth colony.
Signed by 41 males from the Mayflower.
The acceptance of different beliefs.
Puritans had little toleration leading to the creation of other colonies. Home of the Rhode Island colony.
Leader of the Plymouth Colony who helped establish the Mayflower Compact
Native American, along with Samoset, who helped the Pilgrims hunt, farm and fish.
Pilgrims may not have survived without him.
Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony (group of Puritans) who settled near Boston.
Forced out by the Puritans because he disagreed with the taking of lands from the Native Americans.
Founder of the Rhode Island Colony.
Established the colony of New Hampshire promoting religious toleration.
Established the colony of Connecticut.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
First Constitution in America.
Landowner in the Dutch colonies who ruled like a king over large areas of land.
Example: Dutch West India Company
Colony run by individuals or groups to whom land was granted.
A person who opposed the use of war or violence to settle disputes.
Lord John Berkeley / Sir George Carteret
Two men given land from the Duke of York between the Hudson and Delaware Rivers founding the New Jersey Colony.
Quaker who founded the Pennsylvania Colony as a "holy experiment."
Laborer who agreed to work without pay for a certain period of time in exchange for passage to America.
A formal plan of government.
A person or country that owes money.
A farmer who works land owned by another and pays rent either in cash or crops.
Opposed the government because it was dominated by Easterners and led a rebellion against the Jamestown settlement. Called the "greatest rebel that ever was in Virginia."
Established the colony of Georgia as a place for debtors.
Established the colony of Maryland as a home for Catholics who were persecuted in England.
Location of Spanish settlements.
"City of Brotherly Love"
Act of Toleration
Provided Catholics and Protestants the opportunity to worship freely in Maryland.
Woman who dared to question the religious authority of Puritan ministers.
Movement of more than 15,000 Puritans to Massachusetts
"Blue Gold" of Carolina. Blue flowering plant used to dye textiles.
Louis Joilet and Jacques Marquette
Frenchmen who explored the Mississippi River
What Jamestown settlers called the winter of 1609-1610.
Massachusetts Bay Colony
Established by the Puritans and the New England Company.
Naval War between England and Spain that cleared the way for England to start colonies in America.
Island purchased for a small amount of beads and other goods.
Native American tribe that participated in the first Thanksgiving celebration.
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What crop did John Rolfe first successfully plant?
An economic practice in which a nation's wealth is measured in gold and silver, government has complete control, and imports had to be fewer than exports.
This religious movement swept across the colonies and led to the questioning of authority and the establishment of new religious denominations and their colleges.
Slaves often punished for committing fornification in the New England colonies. Many cases of slaves being fined or whipped. Antifornification codes introduced in New England 'failed spectacularly' to stop enslaved people having sexual relations.