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62 terms

Ch. 8 Digestion test

Ch. 8. Digestion For Jan. 7th, 2010
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gastrostomy
surgically creating an opening of the stomach
Anoscopy
visual examination of the anal canal & lower rectum
Anorexia
loss of appetite for food, especially when caused by disease
Cirrhosis
progressive degenerative disease of liver, caused by excessive alcohol use or by viral hepatitis B or C
Cholecystalgia
pain in the gallbladder
hematemesis
vomiting of blood
botulism
rare, but serious condition transmitted through contaminated food or infected wound
Esophageal Varices
enlarged & swollen veins @ lower end of esophagus
metabolism
includes all of the process involved in body's use of nutrients
melena
black, tarry & foul smelling stools
Ileostomy
surgical creation of an artificial excretory opening between the ileum @ end of small intestine & outside of abdominal wall
hemoccult
hidden blood in stool
volvulus
the twisting of the intestine on itself, that causes obstruction
Pyloric spincter
ring like muscle that controls the flow from stomach to the duodenum of small intestine
proctoplasty
surgical repair of rectum
dysphagia
difficulty in swallowing
liver
secretes bile & enzymes to aid in digestion of fats
Emesis
reflex ejection of stomach contents through the mouth
anastomosis
surgical connection between two hollow or tubular structures
gastrorrhea
excessive secreation of gastric juice or mucus in the stomach
cholelithiasis
presence of gallstone in gallbladder or bile ducts
inguinal hernia
protusion of a small loop of bowel through a weak place in lower abdominal wall or groin
herpes labialis
blister-like sores on lips & adjacent facial tissue that are caused by oral herpes simplex virus type 1
aerophagia
excessive swallowing of air while eating or drinking, common cause of gas in stomach
bororygmus
rumbling noise caused by the movement of gas in the intestine.
Papillae
tough protective covering, in some areas small bumps
Edentulous
without teeth
epiglottis
lid like structure that closes off the entrance to the trachea to prevent food & liquids from moving from the pharynx during swallowing
lower esophageal sphincter
muscular ring controls the flow between the esophagus & stomach
pyloric sphincter
ring like muscle that controls the flow from the stomach to the duodenum of the small intestine
Liver
large organ located in the (R) upper quadrant of the abdomen
Bile
which aids in the digestion of fats, is a digestive juice secreted by the liver, travels from the gallbladder, where it is concentrated and stored
bolus
a mass of food that has been chewed and is ready to be swallowed
Peristalsis
series of wave like contractions of the smooth muscles in a single direction
Chyme
semifluid mass of partly digested food that passes out of the stomach, through the pyloric sphincter and into the small intestine
Herpes labialis
are blister like sores on the lips & adjacent facial tissue that r caused by the oral herpes simplex virus type 1
Gingivitis
earliest stage of periodontal disease, inflammation affects only the gums
Dysphagia
difficulty in swallowing
Gastroesophageal reflux disease
Also known as GERD, is upward flow of acid from the stomach into the esophagus
Esophageal varices
are enlarged and swollen veins at the lower end of the esophagus.
Gastrorrhea
excessive secretion of gastric juice or mucus in the stomach
Peptic Ulcers
are sores that affect the mucous membranes of the digestive system
Gastric ulcers
are peptic ulcers that occur in the stomach
Cachexia
condition of physical wasting away due to the loss of weight & muscle mass that occurs in pts with diseases such as advance cancer or AIDS
Obesity
excessive accumulation of fat in the body
Hematemesis
is the vomiting of blood
Hyperemesis
extreme vomiting that can cause dehydration
Regurgitation
return of swallowed food into mouth
intestinal obstruction
partial or complete blockage of the small or large intestine
Salmonellosis
is transmitted by food that is contaminated by feces
Jaundice
yellow discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes, and eyes
Cholangitis
acute infection of the bile duct characterized by pain in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen, fever, jaundice
Cholecystalgia
pain in the gallbladder
Cholecysitist
inflammation of the gallbladder
Cholelithiasis
presence of gallstones in the gallbladder or bile ducts
anaoscopy
visual examination of the anal canal & lower rectum
antiemetic
medication that is administered to prevent or relieve nausea and vomiting
Gastrostomy tube
surgically placed feeding tube from the exterior of the body into the stomach, this tube, which is placed permanently provides nutrition for pts who cannot swallow or take sufficient nutrients by mouth
Gastroduodenostomy
establishment of an anastomosis between the upper portion of the stomach and the duodenum
ileostomy
surgical creation of an artificial excretory opening between the ileum, at the end of the small intestine, and the outside of the abdominal wall
Proctoplasty
surgical repair of the rectum
Cholecystectomy
surgical removal of gallbladder