12 terms

Independent and Dependent Clauses review

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Terms in this set (...)

Clause
A group of related words in a sentence. It will always contain a subject and a verb.
Phrase
A group of related words that don't contain a subject and a verb. Instead, it represents a particular part of speech.
Fragment
An incomplete sentence that doesn't express a complete thought. It is missing either a subject or a verb and can't stand by itself. Examples: Talks to Bob. Is on the desk. A good idea.
Independent Clauses
Also known as simple sentences. They contain a subject and a verb and can stand on their own or can be joined with other phrases and clauses.
Dependent Clauses
They are sentence fragments, although they contain both a subject and a verb. They are usually indicated by a marker word (because, as if, even, since, etc.) at the beginning. They also known as subordinate clauses.
Sentence
Contains both a subject and a predicate (verb) and express a complete thought.
Run-On
Contains two or more sentences that can stand on their own and are not properly joined. Example: The books are heavy don't carry them.
How to Correct a Fragment
Attach a subject or a predicate, attach the fragment to another sentence, or remove the word or phrase that makes the thought incomplete
How to Correct a Run-On
Separate it into 2 or more sentences, separate the sentences with a semi-colon, separate the sentences with a subordinating conjunction, or separate the sentences with a subordinating conjunction and a comma
IC
Independent clause (IC), dependent clause (DC) , or phrase (P)? The dollar fell to the floor.
DC
Independent clause (IC), dependent clause (DC) , or phrase (P)? After I completed the marathon and realized I wasn't a failure.
P
Independent clause (IC), dependent clause (DC) , or phrase (P)? With his book and pen.

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