Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Rhetorical Device Test
Terms in this set (120)
Ad Hominem Argument
Attack on the argument made by attacking the character, motive, or the other attribute pf the person making the argument, rather than attacking the argument directly.
Extending a metaphor through the entire narrative so the object, persons, and actions in the test are equated with meaning that lies outside the text.
Something that is not in its correct historical or chronological time, especially a thing a person belong to a earlier time.
The repetition of the last word of one clause at the being of the following clause.
The word, phrase, or cause to which a pronoun refers.
attributing human characteristics to an animal or inanimate object (Personification)
Antithesis of clause, phrases, and words
Balance of contrasting ideas.
A concise and forcefully expressive observation that contains a general truth.
Appeal to ignorance
Is a fallacy in informal logic. It asserts that a proposition is true because it has not yet been proven false (or vise versa)
A figure of speech in which some absent or nonexistent person or thing is address as if present and capable of understanding.
Argument from authority of (False authority)
A fallacy in which a rhetor seeks to persuade an audience not by giving evidence but by appealing to the respect people have for the famous
Omission of the conjunctions that ordinarily join coordinate words or clauses.
The belief that something should be done because the majority of people do it or ant to do it
Begging the question
Also known as petition principie. Disagreeing with premises or resoning
"sophisticated language with little meaning, often want to impress people.
Rhetorical or literary figure in which grammatical constructions, or concepts are repeated in reverse order, in the same of modified form.
The explicit or direct meaning or set of meanings of a word or expression, as distinguished from the ideas of meanings associated with it or suggested by it.
Use of language in a piece of writing or speech
Cultivating an interest without learning anything in depth.
The tendency to lay down principles as incontrovertibly true without consideration of evidence or the opinions of others.
A word or phrase that has two meanings; one of which being risque
A mournful, melancholy, or plaintive poem, especially a funeral song or a lament for the dead
Repetition of a group of words at the end of successive clauses
An adjective or descriptive phrase expressing a quality characteristic other person or thing mentioned
Used to lessen the impact of unpleasant information
When the arguer claims that his conclusion is only one of two options, when in fact there are other possibilities. The other option is outrageous so the person must go with the other.
The underlying assumption is that if one happened before another, the first actually caused the second event.
A point that the speaker or writer generates without considering all of the other variables through a number of examples.
Exaggeration for effect
Language that evokes particular sensation or emotionally rich experiences in a reader.
Specialized language concerned with a particular subject, culture, or profession.
A understatement for effoect
A complex sentence in which the main clause comes first and the subordinate clause follows.
A statement that is not connected in a logical or clear way to anything said before it.
A recurring subject, theme, idea, etc., especially in a literary, artistic, or musical work.
Words placed together with seemingly contradictory meanings
Parallelism of clauses, phrases, words
When a clause, phrase, or words are in the same form.
A sentence in which the main clause or its predicate is withheld until the end
using a longer phrase in place of a possible shorter form of expression
A rhetorical term for a sentence style that employs many coordinating conjunctions
A play on words
A irrelevant topic introduced in an argument to devrt the attention of listeners or readers from the original issue
The art of using words well when speaking or writing
Showing that you disapprove of or do not like someone or something. Disrespect
The use of irony, sarcasm, rdicule or the like, in exposing, denouncing, or deriding vice, folly, etc
A strategy intended to influence public reaction by the exploitation of fear.
Expression of or appealing to an opinion, especially the tender emotions and feelings, as love and pity
A false statement that influences a resputation
Very informal usage in vocab.
To greatly exaggerate the supposedly inevitable future consequences of an action by suggesting on small step will initate a process that will necessarily lead the way to a much bigger result.
A plan or scheme intended to outwit an opponent or achieve a purpose
Straw man argyment
Common type orf argument and is a informal fallacy based on misrepresentation of an opponents position
A formal argument in logic that is formed by two statements and a conclusion which must be true if the two statements are true
A part of something that is used to refer to the whole.
Deliberate playing down of a sitiuation in order to make a point
The quality of seeming real
The order of words in a sentence
part of speech in which the speaker would anticipate objections to the point being raised and counter them.
The character that that a writer or speaker is trying to convey
A fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphor or surprising analogy between seemingly dissimilar objects.
informal words or expressions not usually acceptable in formal writing
Appeal to emotion
Language that cannot be taken literally since it was written to create a special effect or feeling.
insincere or overly sentimental quality of writing/speech intended to evoke pity
Appeal to logic
A writer's attitude toward his or her subject matter revealed through diction, figurative language, and organization on the sentence and global levels.
Central idea of a work of literature
In rhetoric, the topic addressed in a piece of writing.
In grammar, a term for the relationship between a verb and a noun (active or passive voice). In rhetoric, a distinctive quality in the style and tone of writing.
A pattern of words or sentence construction used for rhetorical effect.
The generic name for a figure of speech such as image, symbol, simile, and metaphor.
Placement of two things closely together to emphasize comparisons or contrasts
using an applicable attribute to identify something else; using more words than necessary to express the idea
An adjective that describes words, phrases, or general tone that is overly scholarly, academic, or bookish.
An informal technique for instruction or assessment in which students fill in omitted words from a passage. A fill in the gap procedure used to restore omitted text by using cues
A brief quotation found at the beginning of a literary work, reflective of theme.
method of improving memory by associating new information with previously learned information
A brief witty poem, often satirical.
A sentence with one independent clause and at least one dependent clause
A sentence consisting of one independent clause and no dependent clause
An idea that is implied or suggested
Logical reasoning with one premise left unstated
Repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasis
a familiar saying; a proverb
moving away from a center
A brief and indirect reference to a person, place, thing or idea of historical, cultural, literary or political significance.
A comparison using "like" or "as"
Repetition of words in reverse order
A statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
A figure of speech in which something is referred to by using the name of something that is associated with it
A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation.
comparison and contrast
A mode of discourse in which two or more things are compared and contrasted. Comparison often refers to similarities, contrast to differences.
A narrative device, often used at the beginning of a work that provides necessary background information about the characters and their circumstances.
A technique used in informative speeches that explains the essence, meaning, purpose, or identity of something.
not being able to finish something, being blocked.
A method of paragraph or essay development by which a writer explains step by step how something is done or how to do something.
writing that attempts to prove the validity of a point of view or an idea by presenting reasoned arguments; persuasive writing is a form of argumentation
reverses the direction of the current in a regular pattern
A person's cognitive (mental) interpretation of events.
3rd stage of the writing process- refining/changing ideas or concepts in the text.
These are the facts or details that back up a main idea, theme, or thesis.
A retelling of the most important parts of what was read.
The beginning of a speech which should get the audiences attention, give them a reason to listen , and introduce the topic
A sentence, most often appearing at the beginning of a paragraph, that announces the paragraph's idea and often unites it with the work's thesis.
A story or anecdote that provides an example of an idea, issue, or problem the speaker is discussing
The purpose of this type of rhetorical mode is to tell the story or narrate an event or series of events.
(rhetoric) the second section of an oration in which the facts are set forth
process of grouping things based on their similarities
A writer chooses a subject and determines how he/she is going to examine the causes and effects in relation to it
A situation in which two different images are presented simultaneously to the left and right eyes and perception alternates back and forth between the two images.
A rhetorical mode based in the five senses. It aims to re-create, invent, or present something so that the reader can experience it.
The careful scrutiny of a written document, paying especially close attention to grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word choice
using others' ideas and words without clearly acknowledging the source of information
testimony that is presented word for word
Acts on body functions.
argument from authority
tempts us to agree with the writer's assumptions based on the authority of a famous person or entity or on his or her own character
appeal to ignorance
A fallacy that uses an opponent's inability to disprove a conclusion as proof of the conclusion's correctness.
Recommended textbook explanations
myPerspectives: English Language Arts, California (Grade 9, Volume 1)
myPerspectives: English Language Arts, California (Grade 10, Volume 1)
myPerspectives, English Language Arts, Grade 8
SpringBoard English Language Arts: Grade 10
Sets found in the same folder
AP Gov. Chapter 4: Civil Liberties Test
AP GOV Ch.13 Budget Review
Sets with similar terms
Rhetorical Analysis Terms
Rhetorical Terms 1
aice lang terms
Speaking Out Glossary 2014
Other sets by this creator
Philosophy Exam Vocab
Invisiable Man Vocab
Cry, The Beloved Country Vocab