16 terms

Government Corruption

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Spoils System
System that allowed politicians to award government jobs to loyal party workers, with little regard to their qualifications
Political machines
Organizations in which an authoritative boss or small group of people commanded the support of a corps. of supporters and businesses (usually campaign workers), who received rewards for their efforts
Civil Service
A system that includes federal jobs in the executive branch
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Act that established a civil service commission, which wrote a civil service exam. People who want to work for the government have to take the exam, and getting a job depends on doing well on the exam, not manipulating one's political connections
Gold Standard
The government would use gold as the basis of the nation's currency. Paper money was backed by the government's gold reserves, and could, in theory, be redeemed for actual gold
Fiat money
Currency not backed by gold or silver
Grant
The...presidency allowed for a huge amount of corruption and inefficiency in the government
Tammany Hall
Powerful Democratic political machine run by the infamous "Boss Tweed"
Grover Cleveland
Most notable president of the the gilded age who had a reputation of integrity and was the first Democrat to win the presidency in 24 years
Thomas Nast
Political cartoonist who exposed the illegal activities of Boss Tweed and Tammany Hall
Charles J. Guiteau
Man who shot president Garfield because he felt he deserved a job in the Republican party under the spoils system
Stalwarts
People who supported the spoils system
Half breeds
People who supported civil service reform and an end to the spoils system
Tariffs, money issues, spoils system, railroad abuses
Key political issues of the gilded age
Coinage Act of 1873
Act that officially established the gold standard as America's monetary policy. Money backed by gold meant less inflation, which was good for bankers and those involved in international trade, but bad for farmers who needed prices to rise
Bland-Allison Act
Act that required the US treasury to back a certain amount of money with silver (1878)
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