74 terms

History geography, changing world modernization test/midterm

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Terms in this set (...)

Location
Exact longitude and latitude coordinates
Place
An area with a common descriptor
Interaction
An act on eachother; 1. People to people 2. People to environment 3. People to technology
Movement
5 factors that cause movement: 1. Natural disaster 2. Political unrest 3. Exploration 4. Economic 5. Forced migration
Region
A group of places with a common descriptor 1. Physical features 2. Human features 3. Climate 4.Economics
Geography
The study of Earth's description
What are the advantages of interaction?
People to people: Countries can converse about peace
People to environment: Clean energy
People to technology: Inventions being spread
What are the disadvantages?
People to people: war can break out
People to environment: litter/pollution
People to technology: social media/ texting while driving
Environment
A person's surroundings and physical and human geography
Give an example of place
The Pennington School
Give an example of a location
0 N, 0 E
Give an examples of the three types of interaction
People to people: People trading items
People to environment: People helping clean up beaches
People to technology: People using computers
Give the examples 5 types of movement
1. Natural disaster: someone's house in swept up by a tornado
2. Political Unrest: Hitler and the Nazis
3. Forced Migration: Hitler and the Nazis
4. Economics: Move to make more money
5. Exploration: Columbus
Give examples of the 4 types of regions
1. Physical features: Mountains
2. Human features: Buildings or lots of cars
3. Economics: America can be described as a democracy
4. Climate: England can be described as cold and rainy
What are the five types of geography?
Location
Place
Interaction
Movement
Region
Give examples of human geography
Ethnicity, gender, race, etc..
Define Physical geography
Describes Earth's physical features. Examples: Moutains, plains, rivers, etc..
7 descriptors of culture
Family Patterns
Customs and Traditions
Language
Arts and Literature
Religion
Forms of government
Economic systems
Family patterns
Expectations that individuals have on each other in the family
Ex: parents expecting kids to get good grades
Customs and traditions
Rules and behaviors of families
Ex: carving pumpkins at Halloween
Language
How people verbally and non verbally communicate; "the cornerstone of culture
Ex: English, French
Why is language so important?
Cornerstone of culture; verbal and non verbal
Religion
Religion helps people answer basic questions about the meaning and purpose of life
Economic systems
How people use resources to steady their wants and needs; the trading and producing of goods
Maps
Visual understanding of our changing world
What are three projections?
Conic, cylindrical, pseudo cylindrical
Map projections
A transformation of the latitudes and longitude of locations on the surface of a sphere or an ellipsoid into location on a plane
What are the two types of maps?
Thematic and representative
What are the steps to reading a map?
1. Look for the compass rose (is map facing north?)
2. Look for scale (shows distance)
3. Look for key (vital information in a map)
4. Who created the map? (Cartographer)
5. Look for longitude and latitude lines (to show location)
What is a cartographer?
Someone who makes maps
Assimilation
The mixing and spreading of cultures
What is an example of positive assimilation?
Boarding school life, technology, NYC, travel; Americanization; citizenship
What is an example of negative assimilation?
Invasion of an army; Indian boarding schools; war; xenophobia; Americanization; forced assimilation
Xenophobia
The fear of immigrants/foreigners
Tribal sovereignty
Ability to have tribes govern themselves
Melting pot
Many cultures in one area or region
Precedent
An event that has repeated in history
Americanization
Forcing people to be more American
How can we keep track of the changing world?
Technology, culture, maps, and assimilation (diffusion)
What is an example of a primary source where we used the terms of assimilation?
Kill the Indian save the man; Indian removal act; bureau of Indian affairs
Cultural anthropology
Subfield; The study of what people think is important and the rules they make about how they should interact with one another.
How does culture develop?
Local invention and cultural diffusion
Forms of government
Political systems within political boundaries
What is an advantage and a disadvantage of technology?
One advantage is that it develops our society and it allows us more opportunities; a disadvantage is that is causes problems such as car accidents and health problems
What can you find out about someone from their trash?
You can find out about their culture ex: FLACRFE or what they ate
What is the difference between diffusion and assimilation?
Diffusion is the science term and is used to talk about things like gases
Assimilation is the social studies term and is used to talk about culture and human things
Diffusion
The mixing and spreading of gases
What is the difference between assimilation, forced assimilation, nativism, and naturalization?
Assimilation would be two families coming together to form one or traveling and mixing cultures
Forced assimilation would be like Indian boarding schools; having them throw away their culture; forcing them to become citizens
Nativism would be putting Americans before immigrants such as for a job position
Naturalization would be letting people become citizens vs. forcing them to become citizens
How do humans use technology to change the world?
They change or develop aspects of culture
What is an example of a piece of technology that has changed the world? In what way?Positive or negative?
The smart phone or the tablet/iPad
These have changed the world because now we have access to lots of information and other fun things like games
It is positive because we have access to all these good things but it is negative because it can cause health problems and car crashes
Also kids do not go out and play any more
How can trash help us understand the past?
We can see what people ate and how they lived in the past
Ex: when the historians found lots of chicken bones and that changed what they thought about medieval times
What is one invention that has allowed for assimilation?
The printing press because things could be traded and culture could be expressed
Give two real life examples of migration in history
World War II many people migrated from European countries to other places because of Hitler
Irish potato famine; there was no food in Ireland because they could not grow potatoes; many people migrated to America
How do we define the world today?
By third world system, three worlds theory, 4 goals of modernization, etc.
4 goals of modernization
1. Political stability
2. Economic diversity
3. Education and services
4. Technology
How does population effect human growth and human experience?
If there is a high population then the human find ways to make technology for that and the population grows again. Human life advances if there is a bigger population.
If there is a small population then there is no need for new technology and life does not advance
What three revolutions helped shape the world today?
First agricultural revolution started to domesticate animals and plants, second agricultural revolution grew different crops, industrial revolution more advanced machinery
Human development Index
worldwide organization where
different indicators are used to classify countries based on their developmental status.
GNP
Gross National Product; wealth based on all products made inside and outside a country'; exports and imports, how much you consume, how much the government spends
GDP
Gross Domestic Product; wealth based on products made in a country; within a nation's geographic boarders Ex: exports and imports;
First agricultural revolution
Humans began to domesticate plants and animals for food; population grows
Second agricultural revolution
Farmers became more specialized and adapted to changing population market; one farmer grew beans another grew corn, etc.; 17th century
Industrial revolution
18th-19th century increased productivity by mechanizing tools and processes
Political stability
providing stable government; no government corruption, governments body willing to enforce laws fairly; written constitution; passing power peacefully; open elections
Economic diversity
This means producing various kinds of crops and goods so that the nation is no longer dependent on a single export
Education and services
country provides the people with education and services such as medical care, housing, water treatment, safety, and sewage.
Technology
tool that allows a population to continue to fuel its population and above systems.
Third World System
First world is weathly, second developing, third world poverty
Three World Theory
the First World, the superpowers, the Second World, the superpowers' allies, and the Third World, the nations of the Non-Aligned Movement, strong independent nations
Moore's cycle of human development
(Population increase) ------- (necessary reactions)------(Technology changes) __
Migration
Movement of people; forces change and adaption; Mass migration in population
Arts and Literature
Products of human imagination; how humans interpret their surroundings through movement, visual representation, and words
Ex: dance
Talk about one of the interviews from the Geography iBook and one of the interviews from The Changing World iBook
Mr.Moore emailed Stony Brook-Millstone watershed and asked what is the importance of interaction with the environment; importance of local watershed to self
Mr.Moore emailed Jamestown discovery personnel asking about the importance of archaeology for our society
Talked about chicken bones
What are the two factors that create population growth?
Technology and migration