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16 terms

AP Human Geography Rubenstein Chapter 7 vocab

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Apartheid
a legal system that was the physical speration of different races into different geographic areas
Balkanization
Process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities
Blockbusting
A process by which real estate agents convince white property owners to sell their houses at low prices because of fear that black families will soon move into the neighborhood.
Centripital Force
an attitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for a state
Centrifugal Force
a force that divides people and countries
Ethnicity
Identity with a group of people that share distinct physical and mental traits as a product of common heredity and cultural traditions.
Ethnic Cleansing
Process in which more powerful ethnic group forcibly removes a less powerful one in order to create an ethnically homogeneous region
multi-ethnic state
a state that contains more than on ethnicity.
multinational state
State that contains two or more ethnic groups with traditions of self-determination that agree to coexist peacefully by recognizing each other as distinct nationalities.
nationalism
love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
nationality
Identity with a group of people that share legal attachment and personal allegiance to a particular place as a result of being born there.
nation state
A state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality
part nation state
kind of a nation state
race
Identity with a group of people descended from a common ancestor.
racism
Belief that one racial group is superior to another
self-determination
the concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themselves