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Photoshop MC Final
Terms in this set (46)
.eps Encapsulate Postscript (eps)
-considered a graphic file format
-created to be placed in Illusstrator, InDesign and PageMaker or non adobe apps like Microsoft Word
-created from vector graphics and photo image files
.gif Graphics Interchange Format (gif)
-used for web graphics and animation
-colour photographs and other images with continuous colour but best used for images such as graphics
.html HyperText markup Language (html)
-standard markup language for web pages and applications
.jpeg Joint Photographic Experts Group (jpeg)
-creates smaller files that take up less storage space and load faster
.pdf Portable Document Format (pdf)
-universal file format that preserves fonts, images and layout of document
- Pdfs can be created in Illustrator, InDesign, Photoshop and Acrobat
-Pdfs can be opened in applications, like those above, but editing the files will vary in each application
-files are saved as PDFs to submit as proofs or final art to be viewed clients or vendors to reproduce the art work
.png Portable Network Graphics (png)
-designed for transferring images on the Internet to your computer
-Screenshots are created as png files and can be viewed from the application Preview by clicking the file icon
-PNG supports RGB or greyscale images
-PNG is a bitmap image format that uses lassless data compression
.psd Photoshop files (psd)
-refers only to files created or saved in the Photoshop application
.svg Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG)
-SVG is a language for describing two-dimensional graphics, both static and animated SVG images are often used for vector or line art to maintain daily
.tif Tagged Image Format (tif)
-TIFF is a popular format for colour images and high resolution images
Paste an item or text
Command + V
Print a document or file
Command + P
Cut or un-do
Command + X
Zoom in (reduce a view)
Command + -
Zoom out(enlarge a view)
Fit Page in window
Display view Actual Size
Reduce 50% view
Display Tabs Menu
Display or hides Menus (panels)
Displays or hides Type menu
Display or hides Rulers
Find an item or file
-layers that contain image data from raster or vector images
-preserve an image's source content with all its original characteristics, enabling you to perform nondestructive editing to the layer.
Any filter applied to a Smart Object is a Smart Filter. Smart Filters appear in the Layers panel below the Smart Object layer to which they are applied. Because you can adjust, remove, or hide Smart Filters, they are nondestructive.
Layers, Adjustment Layers, Flattening Layers, Merging Layers
-Layers are like stacked, transparent sheets of glass on which you can create images. You can see through the transparent areas of a layer to the layers below. You can work on each layer independently.
-Adjustment layers let you apply color and tonal adjustments to your image without permanently changing pixel values
-Flattening is merging all visible layers into the background layer to reduce file size.
-Aliasing is the visual stair-stepping of edges that occurs in an image when the resolution is too low.
-Anti-aliasing is the smoothing of jagged edges in digital images by averaging the colors of the pixels at a boundary.
By default, the blending mode of a layer group is Pass Through, which means that the group has no blending properties of its own. When you choose a different blending mode for a group, you effectively change the order in which the image components are put together.
-Dithering is the process of using two colors to simulate the shade of a third color by placing dots of the two colors close together.
-Dithering is the most common means of reducing the color range of images down to the 256 (or fewer) colors seen in 8-bit GIF images.
You can use the History panel to jump to any recent state of the image created during the current working session.
Gamut v. Out of Gamut
-A gamut is the range of colors that a color system can display or print. A color that can be displayed in RGB could be out of gamut, and therefore unprintable, for your CMYK setting.
-The phrase "out of gamut" refers to a range of colors that cannot be reproduced within the CMYK color space used for commercial printing.
Rasterized type or image
-images are described by an array or map of bits within a rectangular grid of pixels or dots.
-aims to get a faster load time
Bimap art v. Vector art
-the vector image is created by defining points and curves, is smooth no matter what the size
-bitmap is pixled when zoomed in
Channels, alpha channel, channel mask
-channels are created automatically. The image's color mode determines the number of color channels created. For example, an RGB image has a channel for each color (red, green, and blue) plus a composite channel used for editing the image.
-Alpha channels store selections as grayscale images
-masks isolate and protect areas of an image as you apply color changes, filters, or other effects to the rest of the image. You can also use masks for complex image editing such as gradually applying color or filter effects to an image.
clipping path and vector mask
-clipping paths can be created with the magic wand tool, they select a portion of the image
-vector mask is a resolution independent path that clips out the contents of the layer. Vector masks are usually more accurate than those created with pixel-based tools. You create vector masks with the pen or shapes tools.
-Bitmap-uses one of two color values (black or white) to represent the pixels in an image. Images in Bitmap mode are called bitmapped 1‑bit images because they have a bit depth of 1.CMYK colour
-RGB colour-three colors, or channels, to reproduce colors on screen
-LAB colour-based on the human perception of color rather than print colour
-Grayscale, Duotone, tritone and quadtone: Gray is the image with different shades of grey, duo tone has 2 colours etc.
-Saturation-intensity of colour
-Brightness- adjusts tonal range
-Luminosity-blends lightness valuess while ignoring colour info
Addative colour v. Subtractive colours
-The additive colors, red, green, and blue, are also called the primary colors.
-Cyan, magenta, and yellow, the subtractive colors, are also called the complementary or secondary colors.
8, 16,32 bit channel
-shows the data transfer rate, This determines the speed of the system. Among these, 32 bit will be faster.
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