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25 terms

US History Chapter 13

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Great Plains
the grasslands in the west-central portion of the US where the Native Americans lived
Treaty of Fort Laramie
the Sioux agreed to live on a reservation, but Sitting Bull (leader of the Sioux) never signed it
assimilation
to give up one's beliefs and culture to become part of another culture.
Dawes Act
broke up reservations and gave some land to Native American families for farming
Battle of Wounded Knee
In South Dakota where the Army massacred 300 unarmed Sioux
Homestead Act
the government offered 160 acres of free land to anyone who would farm it for 5 years
exoduster
several thousand African Americans settlers who moved from the South to the West (Kansas)
Morrill Act
established agricultural colleges and experiment stations on the Great Plains
Grange
an organization that fought for farmers' rights
Populism
movement to gain more political and economic power for farmers and laborers.
William McKinley
Republican candidate that won the election that ended Populism
William Jennings Bryan
presidential candidate nominated by Democrats and Republicans who favored bimetallism
gold standard
backing dollars with only gold to keep prices from rising, favored by Republicans "goldbugs".
Sand Creek Massacre
US army's killing of about 150 cheyenne elderly, women and children at the Sand Creek Reservation in Colorado territory
Sitting Bull
(leader of the Sioux) defeated and killed George Custer and his troops at Little Bighorn River
George Custer
United States military leader who was defeated by the Lakota in the Battle of Big Horn in 1876.
Ghost Dance
A ritual the Sioux performed to bring back the buffalo and return the Native American tribes to their land
Chisholm Trail
was the major cattle route from San Antonio, Texas, to Kansas where they were shipped by rail to Chicago
Central Pacific
One of the two railroad companies that built the Transcontinental RR. Started in Sacramento, California and went East
Union Pacific
the railroad company that began building of the transcontinental railroad from its eastern starting point in Omaha, Nebraska
Yellowstone National Park
the oldest national park in the world; has more gysers and hot springs than any other area in the world
Bonanza farms
Large scale farms often over 50,000 acres, where farmers set up companies to operate
greenbacks
Name for Union paper money not backed by gold or silver
Oliver Hudson Kelley
Farmer who founded the Grange
Farmers Alliances
groups of farm organizations that included teachers, preachers, and businessmen