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Great Plains

the grasslands in the west-central portion of the US where the Native Americans lived

Treaty of Fort Laramie

the Sioux agreed to live on a reservation, but Sitting Bull (leader of the Sioux) never signed it


to give up one's beliefs and culture to become part of another culture.

Dawes Act

broke up reservations and gave some land to Native American families for farming

Battle of Wounded Knee

In South Dakota where the Army massacred 300 unarmed Sioux

Homestead Act

the government offered 160 acres of free land to anyone who would farm it for 5 years


several thousand African Americans settlers who moved from the South to the West (Kansas)

Morrill Act

established agricultural colleges and experiment stations on the Great Plains


an organization that fought for farmers' rights


movement to gain more political and economic power for farmers and laborers.

William McKinley

Republican candidate that won the election that ended Populism

William Jennings Bryan

presidential candidate nominated by Democrats and Republicans who favored bimetallism

gold standard

backing dollars with only gold to keep prices from rising, favored by Republicans "goldbugs".

Sand Creek Massacre

US army's killing of about 150 cheyenne elderly, women and children at the Sand Creek Reservation in Colorado territory

Sitting Bull

(leader of the Sioux) defeated and killed George Custer and his troops at Little Bighorn River

George Custer

United States military leader who was defeated by the Lakota in the Battle of Big Horn in 1876.

Ghost Dance

A ritual the Sioux performed to bring back the buffalo and return the Native American tribes to their land

Chisholm Trail

was the major cattle route from San Antonio, Texas, to Kansas where they were shipped by rail to Chicago

Central Pacific

One of the two railroad companies that built the Transcontinental RR. Started in Sacramento, California and went East

Union Pacific

the railroad company that began building of the transcontinental railroad from its eastern starting point in Omaha, Nebraska

Yellowstone National Park

the oldest national park in the world; has more gysers and hot springs than any other area in the world

Bonanza farms

Large scale farms often over 50,000 acres, where farmers set up companies to operate


Name for Union paper money not backed by gold or silver

Oliver Hudson Kelley

Farmer who founded the Grange

Farmers Alliances

groups of farm organizations that included teachers, preachers, and businessmen

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