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Nature of Government (USHistory.org American Gvt Chpt 1)
Terms in this set (42)
The Gettysburg Address is a famous 1863 speech by __________.
Thomas __________ stated in his book Leviathan that a powerful government is necessary to protect people from each other.
Greek (Athenian) philosopher known for his questioning style of teaching who was sentenced to death by hemlock poisoning.
"The government that governs least governs best." is a famous quote by __________.
__________ is the power to rule or govern.
A __________ nation has the power to independently rule itself.
__________ is the idea that the ultimate authority of a government comes from the people -- from the consent of the governed.
__________ are sometimes referred to as being nation-states.
In a (an) __________ economic system, the government has minimal involvement in regulating the economy. Decisions about the production and distribution of goods and services are made by private citizens and businesses.
In a (an) __________ economic system, the government controls the mean of production. The government runs the economy and makes all decisions about the production and distribution of goods and services.
In economics, a (an) __________ is a physical object (television, computer, car, etc.).
In economics, a (an) __________ is work done for other people for money (work done by doctors, lawyers, teachers, chefs, etc.).
During the Great Depression, President Franklin Roosevelt attempted to improve the economy through his __________ programs. These programs increased government regulation of and impact on the economy.
Federal Reserve System
The __________ was created by Congress in 1913 to ensure that the value of the dollar was stable (limit both inflation and deflation).
When an economy suffers from __________, the value of money goes down, which means that the prices of goods and services are increasing.
When an economy suffers from __________, the value of money goes up, which means that the prices of goods and services are decreasing. This also means that the value of property and investments are also decreasing.
President Lyndon Johnson attempted to eliminate poverty through his __________ programs.
A government's __________ is the degree to which the people accept the authority of the government.
Ruling France from 1643 to 1715, King Louis XIV was a (an) __________. He exercised total personal control over French law and every aspect of the government.
"It is better to be feared than loved." is a famous quote from Niccolo __________. It is from
, his famous book of advice for rulers.
A form of government in which the power of a king or queen is hereditary is known as a (an) __________.
A form of government in which the power to govern is controlled by a small group of elites is known as a (an) __________.
A form of government in which the power to govern is controlled by a particular (and usually hereditary) class of people is known as a (an) __________.
rule of law
If a country follows the __________, then those who govern are bound by the laws; no one is above the law.
limited monarchy (constitutional monarchy)
Great Britain has a (an) __________. That means that they have a system of government in which the king or queen shares authority with an elected legislature and agrees to be bound by a constitution or a set of laws.
How many times is the word "democracy" used in the Declaration of Independence or the US Constitution?
In a democracy, the power to govern is controlled by the __________.
demos (the people) and kratia (power or authority)
"Democracy" comes from what two Greek words?
__________ is a form of government in which citizens meet to discuss all policy and then make decisions by majority rule.
Town meetings in New England are a form of direct __________.
democratic republic (representative democracy)
In the United States, citizens elect representatives to control the government. This type of government is called a (an) __________.
A democratic republic is also known as a (an) __________.
Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, better known as Vladimir __________, was a founder of the Russian Communist Party, a leader in the 1917 Russian Revolution (Bolshevik Revolution), and the first leader of the Soviet Union.
A __________ is a legal member of a state and/or country.
Democracy is a system of government in which __________ resides with the people.
The __________ were a group of people in the early United States who favored the establishment of a
strong national government and who worked for ratification of the U.S. Constitution.
The __________ was a European intellectual movement in the 18th century that (among other things) questioned the traditional authority of aristocrats and monarchs.
The Enlightenment (or Age of Enlightenment) is also known as the Age of __________.
__________ was an 18th century philosopher who theorized that the right to rule comes from the consent of the governed.
separation of powers
Baron de Montesquieu believed that government should be divided into three branches. He thought that by having a __________, no one branch of government could gain too much power and become tyrannical.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau believed that communities were best governed by the general will -- in other words, by __________.
Another word for freedom is __________.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
We the People Chapter 1
Workbook Chapter 3 Section 1
Workbook Chapter 3 section 2
Workbook Chapter 3 Section 3
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