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55 terms

AP English Literary Terms

Lit Terms for the Lanese Midterm!
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alliteration
repetition at close intervals of initial consonant words
assonance
repetition at close intervals of vowel sounds
consonance
repetition at close intervals of final consonant sounds
cacophony
harsh, non-melodic, unpleasant sounding arrangement of words
euphony
pleasant, easy to articulate words
onomatopoeia
use of words which mimic their meaning in sound
sibilance
hissing sounds represented by s, z, sh
allegory
characters are symbols, has a moral
apostrophe
someone absent, dead, or imagianary, or an abstraction, is being addressed as if it could reply
didactic poetry
poetry with the primary purpose of teaching or preaching
dramatic monologue
character "speaks" through the poem; a character study
elegy
poem which expresses sorow over a death of someone for whom the poet cared, or on another solemn theme
sonnet
14 line poem, fixed rhyme scheme, fixed meter (usually 10 syllables per line)
connotation
what a word suggests beyond its surface definition
denotation
basic definition or dictionary meaning of a word
diction
choice of words for effect
syntax
word order or grammatical appropriateness
blank verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter
caesura
a natural pause in the middle of a line, sometimes coinciding with punctuation
couplet
two successive lines which rhyme, usually at the end of a work
enjambment
describes a line of poetry in which the sense and grammatical construction continues on to the next line
feminine rhyme
latter two syllables of first word rhyme with latter two syllables of second word (ceiling appealing)
free verse
no fixed meter or rhyme
iambic pentameter
70% of verse is written this way; ten syllables per line, following an order of unaccented-accented syllables
internal rhyme
repetition of sounds within a line (but not at the end of the line)
masculine rhyme
final syllable of first word rhymes with final syllable of second word (scald recalled)
meter
regularized rhythm of stressed and unstressed syllables; accents occur at approx. equal intervals of time
refrain
repeated word, phrase, line, or group of lines in a pattern
rhyme
repetition of end sounds
rhythm
wave-like recurrence of sound
stanza
group of lines
structure
internal organization of a poem's content
allusion
a reference to something in literature of history
anaphora
repetition of the same word or words at the start of two or more lines
archetype
a character or personality type found in every society
conceit
an extended witty, paradoxical, or startling metaphor
hyperbole
exaggeration, overstatement
imagery
representation through language of a sensory experience
irony
incongruity or discrepancy between the implied and expected; verbal, dramatic, situational
metaphor
implied or direct comparison
metonymy
symbolism; one thing is used as a substitute for another with which it is closely identified (the White House)
mood
the atmosphere suggested by the structure and style of the poem
oxymoron
compact paradoxl two successive words contradict each other
pace
tempo or rate implied by the structure and style of the poem
paradox
statement or situation containing seemingly contradictory elements
parallelism
presents coordinating ideas in a coordinating manner
persona
assumed speaker of the poem; typically used synonymously with 'speaker'
personification
giving a non-human the characteristics of a human
simile
comparison using 'like' or 'as'
style
an author's combined use of these ideas into a recurring pattern of usage
symbolism
something (object, person, situation, etc.) means more than what it is
synecdoche
symbolism; the part signifies the whole, or the whole the part (all hands on board)
theme
central idea
tone
writer's attitude toward the audience or subject, implied or related directly
understatement
saying less than one means, for effect